تدوينات

Concept of Day Care

Day Care Is the provision which is available to young children, older people and the disabled during the day. In …

Some techniques of mixed glaze

Some techniques of mixed glaze     Ragging On This involves painting the wall with a base coat color and …

ما هي أسهل طريقة للنجاح في ماجستير الادارة العامة ؟

ما هي أسهل طريقة للنجاح في ماجستير الادارة العامة ؟ يتميز نظام التسجيل في ماجستير الادارة العامة وكافة البرامج الأخرى …

Maximum Heart Rate

      Maximum Heart Rate         The Maximum Heart Rate is determined by the participant’s age.  This is the …

What is Change

Change Requires that decision takers constantly review their policies. Constant change in the economy requires a flexible response. For example, …

Concept of Competitive Advantage

Competitive Advantage: An aspect of a business that enables it to withstand competition. The theorist Michael Porter suggested that there …

PLC definition

PLC Stands for public limited company .

Authoritarian personality

Authoritarian personality An individual who is intolerant of ambiguity, overly respectful of authority and hostile to any group that appears …

Marginal Physical Product MPP

Marginal Physical Product (MPP): The number of units of output resulting from a small increase in the input of a …

Finalize Contract and Payment Arrangements

Finalize Contract and Payment Arrangements   At this follow-up meeting, this is an ideal time to present your full contract …

Capital Movements

Capital Movements Are flows of capital from one currency to another. The location of the money may or may not …

Tile Flooring

Tile Flooring   There are many different types of tiles to choose from, including ceramic, marble, stone, mosaic, clay, slate, …

Employee Stock Ownership

Employee Stock Ownership: The process by which employees acquire shares in the company as part of their reward package. 

Wealth Effect

Wealth Effect: The impact of increased wealth on consumer demand. When house prices were rising in the USA and the …

Concept of Economic Expectations

Economic Expectations Reflect the level of confidence in the economy. People will base their expectations on their experience of past …

Definition of Public Order Act 1986 s4A

Definition of  Public Order Act 1986 s4A Under this section of the Act a person is guilty of an offence …

Mental Age

Mental Age A level of intellectual functioning which is appropriate for children of a particular age. When dealing with children …

Profitability Ratios

Profitability Ratios Allow comparisons to be made between businesses of differing sizes when undertaking ratio analysis  . Ratios ignore absolute …

Sales value definition

Sales value  means total sales measured at selling price, i.e. quantity times price. It is usually used as a way …

Full-Cost Pricing

Full-Cost Pricing Allocates all manufacturing costs to products. It also values unsold inventory of finished goods at their total cost …

Turnover

Turnover Or sales turnover, is the same as sales revenue.

Control Creation

Control Creation     Control is an element of the managerial task and it involves the measurement and correction of …

Social Events

Social Events   Your company might focus on planning events for private clients. You might plan events of all kinds …

Parentline Definition

Parentline A national voluntary organisation offering telephone support, guidance and counselling services to any parent or carer of children. It …

Financial Services Act 1986

Financial Services Act 1986 Set up a system of self-regulation in the City. It was succeeded by the Financial Services …

Training Definition

Training Is the provision of work-related education, in the form of either on-the-job training  or off-the-job training  . 

Contestable Markets

Contestable Markets  It may be comparatively easy for newcomers to the industry to break into a contestable market. This means …

Absolute threshold

Absolute threshold Refers to the amount of energy necessary in a given stimulus for that stimulus to be detected. Anything …

Inchoate Offences

Inchoate Offences Offences which are not complete because the substantive crime has not been committed. There are three types of …

Disclosure of Information

Disclosure of Information  Is the process of releasing factual data to enable outsiders to make a judgement or decision. For …

Time-Based Management

time-based management: focusing on time as a key business resource. In the 1970s price was the key competitive tool. In …

Prefrontal Lobotomy

Prefrontal Lobotomy Refers to a surgical procedure that severs the neural pathways that connect the frontal lobes (see brain ) …

Product Life Cycle

Product Life Cycle: The theory that all products follow a similar life course of conception, birth, growth, maturity and decline, …

SLEPT analysis

SLEPT analysis: (social, legal, economic, political and technological analysis) is a systematic means of analysing the external factors that may …

Explicit Memory

Explicit Memory Normally contrasted with implicit memory, this is a type of memory that requires a conscious attempt to remember …

Types of control

TYPES OF CONTROL     The main types of control can be grouped under seven headings, as shown below:  …

Treaties

Treaties International agreements. By entering into a treaty, the government of the United Kingdom is undertaking to implement the laws …

Behavior Management

Behavior Management Methods and strategies used by health and social care providers to control undesirable and challenging behaviour  . Guidelines …

Vertebrae Definition

Vertebrae  There are 33 of these bones in the backbone. Each vertebra consists of a body and arch enclosing a …

نمو الطفل،

نمو الطفل، يعتبر الأطفال مصدر السعادة في مختلف الأسر حيث يمثل الأطفال مصدر البهجة و قدوم طفل للأسرة يعتبر من …

Overtime

Overtime: Time spent at work in addition to the hours which are part of the normal working week. Typically, the …

Attitude

Attitude   Your attitude is being evaluated from the moment you first walk into the building, or even earlier, when …

Place Definition

Place The term given to distribution. The key marketing questions regarding place are: • Which types of outlet do we want …

Net Profit

Net Profit Is gross profit minus expenses such as overhead costs In other words, it is sales revenue minus all …

Training contract

Training contract The final training stage for a solicitor . It is a two-year period in which the trainee works …

Listening Skills

Listening Skills The ability to listen to others in a way that conveys interest and positive regard. The person speaking …

Commercial Banks

Commercial Banks Are those banks whose activities are directed at making a profit by borrowing from customers at an interest …

Specific issues order

Specific issues order A court order in family law dealing with one aspect of a child’s upbringing where the parents, or …

Employment Appeal Tribunal

Employment Appeal Tribunal Hears appeals from decisions by employment tribunals . The appeal is usually heard by a judge and …

Subcultures Definition

Subcultures Are formed of people who have interests or values in common, or who share a common background. They need …

ما هي البرامج المتخصصة في التحليل النفسي للشخصية الموجودة علي موقعكم وشروط القبول فيها ؟

ما هي البرامج المتخصصة في التحليل النفسي للشخصية الموجودة علي موقعكم وشروط القبول فيها ؟ يوجد علي موقع الأكاديمية العربية …

Policies Definition

Policies Are statements which are written to describe how an organisation intends to function in terms of good practice. Some …

Earnings Per Share

Earnings Per Share (EPS):A ratio showing the after-tax profit  available for distribution to shareholders. The company directors recommend and the …

Justice and Law

Justice and Law Justice is the aim of the law, but it may not always be achieved in every case. …

Measure Of Dispersion

Measure Of Dispersion A measurement of the spread or variability in a set of scores. Although the measure of central …

Patent Office

Patent Office:  The only authority with the right to grant patents or trademarks within the UK. 

Homelessness Definition

Homelessness The condition suffered by a person who has no home. Under the Housing (Homeless Persons) Act 1997, local authorities …

modules

الفصل 1 السلام الدائم القوة الاقتصادية والرخاء 1. تشرشل في لاهاي: يؤسس الحركة الأوروبية، بعد دعوته لـ: “نوع من اتحاد …

Corporate Advertising

Corporate Advertising An advertising campaign  to boost the image of a company rather than to sell a particular brand. PROS: …

Product Life Cycle

Product Life Cycle The theory that all products follow a similar life course of conception, birth, growth, maturity and decline, …

Living Standards

Living Standards Refer to the well-being of the population but the term does not have a precise meaning. A serious …

Social Capital

Social Capital: Infrastructure which is provided by governments and is very necessary for economic growth, but cannot always be provided …

Chief Executive Officer -CEO

Chief Executive Officer -CEO The director in charge of all operations within a business. In Britain, the term ‘managing director’ …

Imported Inflation

Imported Inflation Means a general rise in prices which occurs because prices are rising in other countries. This means that …

هل تقدمون برامج دراسية في تخصص الادارة الصحية في المستشفيات ؟

هل تقدمون برامج دراسية في تخصص الادارة الصحية في المستشفيات ؟ استطاعت الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي أن توفر علي …

Lighting

Lighting   Lighting serves more than one purpose in a room. In addition to helping people see, it also contributes …

Accessorize

Accessorize   Accessorizing is one of the keys to bringing the whole look together and one of the easiest ways …

Light Industry

Light Industry:  Manufacturers of all items other than the large-scale output of heavy industry. Typical examples include food manufacture and …

Compensation Principle

Compensation Principle Shows that society gains from a certain change if the gainers gain more than the losers lose. In …

Framework For The Assessment Of Children In Need And Their Families 2000

Framework For The Assessment Of Children In Need And Their Families 2000  (Often referred to as the Assessment Framework) a …

معهد ليفربول لفنون الأداء – The Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts

معهد ليفربول لفنون الأداء – The Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts Mount Street Liverpool L1 9HF t: 0151 330 3000 …

Profit Quality

Profit Quality Refers to the likelihood of a profit source continuing into the future. If a profit has arisen from …

Global Localization

Global Localization  Means tailoring an international product to the local consumer tastes. Subtle differentiations can make a product acceptable in …

Catastrophe theory

Catastrophe theory Predicts that an increase in arousal beyond an optimal point leads to a dramatic decline in performance. When …

Sensitive Period

Sensitive Period A term that has gradually replaced the related term critical period .It refers to a period in the …

Appearance

Appearance   Interior decorating is a visual business, so it’s not surprising that part of what you will be judged …

Lords Justices of Appeal

 Lords Justices of Appeal The judges in the Court of Appeal . They are appointed from those who have had …

Profit Utilisation

Profit Utilisation How a firm uses the profit it makes, perhaps by investing in the growth of the firm or …

Bottom-up processing

Bottom-up processing Explanations of perceptual processing that see perception being directly influenced by the sensory input.  

Circulatory System

Circulatory System A network of blood -filled tubes (blood vessels) which circulate fluid to different parts of the body. There …

Footloose

Footloose Companies are those with no firm commitment to any specific location. The term is most often used in relation …

Berkshire College of Agriculture

School: Berkshire College of AgricultureStreet: Hall PlaceTown: Burchetts GreenCounty: BerksPostcode: SL6 6QRHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.bca.ac.uk/Alumni Website: Tel: 01628 824444 Fax: …

Regressive Tax

Regressive Tax:  One which takes a smaller proportion out of someone’s income the more they earn. It is important to …

Phoneme Definition

Phoneme Although often referred to as a speech sound, it is more accurately defined as a unit of sound (or …

Acts of Parliament

Acts of Parliament: Laws that have been passed by both Houses of Parliament and received the Royal Assent . Acts …

Level Playing Field

Level Playing Field: A situation in which all firms are competing on the same terms. Conditions which might make the …

Supply of Goods and Services Act 1982

Supply of Goods and Services Act 1982 Gives protection to customers in situations not covered by the Sale of Goods …

امتحان TOEFL iBT

امتحان TOEFL iBT تعد شهادة امتحان TOEFL iBT من أبرز الشهادات الخاصة بإتقان اللغة الإنجليزية التي تعتمدها المؤسسات الدولية التعليمية …

Falmouth Marine School

School: Falmouth Marine SchoolStreet: Killigrew StreetTown: FalmouthCounty: CornwallPostcode: TR11 3QSHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.cornwall.ac.uk/fal/index.htmAlumni Website: Tel: 01326 310310 Fax: 01326 310300 …

Contact Tracing

Contact Tracing Methods used to find out the number of people with whom a person has had contact. This occurs …

Soft Landing

Soft Landing If a prolonged period of economic growth has led to accelerating inflation, policy makers will aim for a …

Production Department

Production Department     Controls information, such as:   Profitability of sales,   Popular items,   Loss leaders,   Efficiency  …

Specialisation Definition

Specialisation The division of a work process into separate job functions so that individuals can develop expertise by specialising. This …

Concept of Budgetary Control

Budgetary Control Delegates financial planning to managers. It evaluates the performance of managers by continuous comparison of actual results achieved …

International Promotion Policy

International Promotion Policy   Promotion policy is another key factor in foreign trade. Besides deciding global or local promotions, the …

جامعة نورثامبتون – University of Northampton

جامعة نورثامبتون – University of Northampton Park Campus Boughton Green Road Northampton NN2 7AL t: 0800 358 2232 f: 01604 …

ما هي أساسيات الإدارة الاستراتيجية؟

ما هي أساسيات الإدارة الاستراتيجية؟   الإدارة الإستراتيجية هي القرارات والنظم الإدارية التى من خلالها يتم تشكيل الهيكل العام لرؤية …

Blood Tests

Blood Tests Examination of blood samples to detect disorders or disease. For example, a test for haemoglobin detects how much …

ما هي أشهر جامعة لتعليم الادارة العامة ؟

ما هي أشهر جامعة لتعليم الادارة العامة ؟ تعتبر الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي من أشهر جامعة لتعليم الادارة العامة …

Bank Identification Number BIN

Bank Identification Number (BIN): A six-digit number which identifies a bank for charge card  purposes.

X-Inefficiency

X-Inefficiency: The tendency for costs to rise because the organisation has few or no competitors. This is likely to occur …

Tight (Fiscal) Policy

Tight (Fiscal) Policy  Is a government economic strategy which raises taxes and/or reduces public expenditure. Its purpose is to restrict …

Blood Groups

Blood Groups A system used to categorise blood types. Red blood cells have protein molecules on their cell surface membranes. …

Catharsis definition

Catharsis The expression of formerly repressed feelings in order to overcome the problems associated with them. The term is commonly …

Rating Scale

Rating Scale A method used to record answers to closed questions when collecting results for research. The respondents indicate their …

Jigsaw Technique

Jigsaw Technique A technique for reducing prejudice by using a ‘common goals’ approach. The technique is most often used with …

Forward Buying

Forward Buying Means contracting to buy a certain quantity of goods or foreign currency at a price agreed today, for …

Employment Equality -Age Regulations 2006

Employment Equality -Age Regulations 2006 Legislation that makes it unlawful to discriminate against a person because of his/her age. 

Excise Duty

Excise Duty Is an expenditure tax levied by HM Revenue and Customs. Unlike VAT which generally applies to most products, …

Social Issues And Welfare Needs In The United Kingdom

Social Issues And Welfare Needs In The United Kingdom  Are those which can affect health and well-being  of the population, …

Phenomenology Definition

Phenomenology This is an approach to psychology that emphasises that one’s subjective and contemporary experience of an event is an …

Policy Definition

Policy  Another term for strategy. In other words, a plan for meeting objectives. 

Global Sourcing

Global Sourcing Means buying inputs wherever they can be obtained most efficiently. This may mean choosing a location with low …

Conspicuous Consumption

Conspicuous Consumption: The process of buying goods and services not for their actual usefulness but in order to impress other …

Advertising Ethics

Advertising Ethics Are the moral issues raised by the persuasive power of advertising  . Laws prevent advertisements from containing untruths, …

Draft

Draft: A first copy that will probably need amending or updating before the final copy is produced. For example, a …

Unique Selling Point -USP

Unique Selling Point -USP  The feature of a product that can be focused on in order to differentiate it from …

Analyst

Analyst: A person who studies a subject in fine detail and can then draw conclusions from their examination.

Retrospective Study

Retrospective Study Literally a ‘working backwards’ in order to establish what, in a person’s previous experience, may have contributed to …

Bowel Disorders

Bowel Disorders Are diseases or dysfunctions of the bowel. Examples include irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn’s disease, constipation and bowel cancer. 

Sample Definition

Sample A group of individuals who are assumed to be representative of the population from which they have been drawn. …

الكلية الملكية الويليزية للموسيقى والدراما – Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama (Coleg Brenhinol Cerdd a Drama Cymru)

الكلية الملكية الويليزية للموسيقى والدراما – Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama – Coleg Brenhinol Cerdd a Drama Cymru …

Concept of Appraisal

Appraisal Is used as a management tool to ensure that employees are reaching the standards required of them. It provides …

Diminishing Returns

Diminishing Returns Occur when, as a producer adds more of one factor of production to a fixed quantity of other …

كيف احصل علي شهادة بكالوريوس ادارة صحية عن طريق الأكاديمية ؟

كيف احصل علي شهادة بكالوريوس ادارة صحية عن طريق الأكاديمية ؟ لا يوجد لدي الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي برامج …

Price Deflation

Price Deflation Means generally falling prices.

Real Wage Unemployment

Real Wage Unemployment Occurs when trade unions or professional organisations drive up wages so that they are above the market …

Supply curve

Supply Curve: The curve showing the quantities producers wish to supply at a range of different prices. It is normally …

Self-Completion Questionnaires

Self-Completion Questionnaires Are questionnaires that respondents must fill in themselves (unlike a face-to-face interview  ). They may be sent by …

Southern Regional College – Newry Campus

School: Southern Regional College – Newry CampusStreet: Model CampusTown: NewryCounty: Co. DownPostcode: BT34 6JGHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.nkifhe.ac.ukAlumni Website: Tel: 028 …

Registrar of Companies

Registrar of Companies Maintains a record of every joint-stock company  in the UK, including their memorandum of association  and, for …

Invitation to treat

Invitation to treat Negotiations which lead up to the formation of a contract which are not specific enough or which …

Social Power

Social Power Refers to the influence that one person has over another, whilst remaining relatively immune to the same effect …

Discounted Cash Flow DCF

Discounted Cash Flow (DCF): A way of investigating a planned investment to see whether it will be worthwhile. It compares …

Company Accounts

Company Accounts Are the financial statements  of a limited company.They are drawn up by the directors of the company in …

علم نفس الوعي و انضباط الجسد

علم نفس الوعي و انضباط الجسد The Psychology of  Consciousness and Bodily Rhythms   المحتويات: مقدمة ونظرة عامة ما هو …

Software in your office

Software in your office   Many computers already have the basic software needed to run a business. While Microsoft Office and …

ما أهمية شهادة CPM؟

ما أهمية شهادة CPM؟ مدير محترف معتمد CPM من بريطانيا هو برنامج معد بطريقة احترافية لمساعدة الدارس على تطوير معارفه …

Accent Lighting

Accent Lighting   If there is something interesting in the room that you want people to notice – such as …

Jurisdiction definition

Jurisdiction The power of the court. To say a court has jurisdiction over any matter means that court has power …

Conditions of Employment

Conditions of Employment  Are the details of pay, working hours and holiday time that are set out in an employment …

DOCUMENTARY CREDITS

BILL OF EXCHANGE   The principal financial instrument of payment in documentary collection is the Bill of Exchange, also referred …

Physical Life Quality Factors

Physical Life Quality Factors Are requirements which enhance the physical well-being  of a service user  . They include exercise, a …

Multi-Agency Working

Multi-Agency Working Is the way in which different agencies within health and social care liaise and work together in the …

Lender of Last Resort

Lender of Last Resort: An important function of the Bank of England (and other central banks), which guarantees to lend …

Perfect Market

Perfect Market: A market in which the conditions are those of perfect competition, with many suppliers, a homogeneous product and …

Charging Suspects

Charging Suspects: When the police believe they have enough evidence to charge a suspect with an offence, the police will …

Core Activities

Core Activities Are the operating divisions that a firm sees as central to its corporate objectives  . Other, more diversified …

Nikkei Index

Nikkei Index Is Japan’s Stock Exchange Index, equivalent to London’s Financial Times  Stock Exchange index. 

Concept of Insider Dealing or Trading

Insider Dealing or Trading: Using inside information to make a profit. People often have information which they acquire at work …

Equipment and Supplies

Equipment and Supplies   In addition to telephones, you will need a variety of office equipment and supplies for your …

Agent Definition

Agent An independent person or company appointed to handle sales and distribution within a specified area. An agent’s income comes …

Monitoring, review and audit

  Monitoring, review and audit Introduction This chapter concerns the monitoring of health and safety performance, including both positive measures …

Term of take-over

take-over:  obtaining full management control of another firm as a result of purchasing over 50 per cent of its share …

Lindeth College of Further Education (Special)

School: Lindeth College of Further Education (Special)Street: The OaksTown: Bowness-on-WindermereCounty: CumbriaPostcode: LA23 3NHHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.craegmoor.co.ukAlumni Website: Tel: 01539 446265Fax: …

Carbon Definition

Carbon Is a non-metallic element which occurs in all living matter. It combines with other elements as a result of …

Customer Service

Customer Service  This covers all the activities that affect the customer‘s experience of dealing with an organisation. This will include …

Outraging public decency

Outraging public decency A crime created by judicial decisions. It is something which goes beyond offending or even shocking people. In …

Stakeholder Definition

Stakeholder  An individual or group with a direct interest in an organisation’s performance. The main stakeholders are: employees, shareholders, customers, …

Electra Complex

Electra Complex The female version of the Oedipus complex in which girls between the ages of four and six envy …

كيف تتم دراسة ماجستير الادارة العامة ؟

كيف تتم دراسة ماجستير الادارة العامة ؟ تتم دراسة برنامج ماجستير الادارة العامة من بريطانيا وكافة البرامج التي تطرحها الأكاديمية …

Opportunity Cost

Opportunity Cost: The cost of making a decision in terms of the benefit lost by not using the resources in …

Cost Drivers

Cost Drivers Are activities that cause costs to be incurred.

Investment Trust

Investment Trust: A company whose business is to buy and sell other companies’ shares. The shares of investment trusts can …

Interest on Partners’ Drawings

Interest on Partners’ Drawings  Can be included in a partnership agreement  . It is an attempt to deter partners from …

Direct Response

Direct Response (Marketing) is activity designed to get the customer to contact the advertiser directly, such as by filling in …

Long-Run Phillips Curve

Long-Run Phillips Curve: The long-run relationship between inflation and unemployment. (This is sometimes called the expectations-augmented Phillips curve.) The short-run …

بماذا يفيد دراسة برنامج الماجستير التخصصي في المحاسبة الإدارية من بريطانيا؟

بماذا يفيد دراسة برنامج الماجستير التخصصي في المحاسبة الإدارية من بريطانيا   يدعم برنامج ماجستير المحاسبة الإدارية إعداد وتأهيل الطلاب …

Fault based liability

Fault based liability Liability which only arises if a defendant is at fault in some way by deliberately committing a …

Deliberate Creativity

Deliberate Creativity Using a planned approach to generate innovative ideas from people who are not usually ‘creative’. This is achieved …

Economic Rent

Economic Rent Is the amount which someone can earn which is in excess of their transfer earnings , i.e. what …

Make or Buy Decisions

Make or Buy Decisions Are reached in a manufacturing business by the application of marginal costing  principles. A business may …

Record of risk assessment findings

  Record of risk assessment findings It is very useful to keep a written record of the risk assessment even …

إدارة الجودة الشاملة

إدارة الجودة الشاملة – Total Quality Management   إدارة الجودة الشاملة Total Quality Management هو النهج الذي تستخدمه المنظمات من …

Concept of Constraint

Constraint:  A limitation on a firm’s ability to meet its objectives. Internal constraints  are within the firm’s control; external constraints  …

Net Cash Flow

Net Cash Flow: The difference between the cash received by an organisation and the cash being spent by the organisation.

Clinical interview

Clinical interview A research method in which the interviewer uses flexible and open-ended questions to probe the way in which a …

Tax Liability

Tax Liability: Individuals who are resident in the UK are liable to pay tax on income no matter where it …

كلية لوبورو – Loughborough College

كلية لوبورو – Loughborough College Radmoor Road Loughborough LE11 3BT t: 0845 166 2950 f: 0845 833 2840 e: [email protected]

Special damages

Special damages In tort, damages that can be itemised, e.g. loss of earnings while in hospital, damage to car. The …

Day Rates

Day Rates Calculate gross pay by multiplying the hours worked by the wage rate per hour, so if an employee …

Warehouse Costs

Warehouse Costs: Costs incurred in the holding of goods. They are a cost of sales expense shown in the income …

Chain of Command

Chain of Command Is a vertical line of authority within an organisation enabling orders to be passed down through the …

Assembly Line

Assembly Line: Manufacture of complex products may be designed as a sequence of work stations, connected by conveyor systems, which …

Horizontal direct effect

Horizontal direct effect A concept of European Union law by which citizens of member states can rely on provisions of treaties …

Trial Balance

Trial Balance: A summary of all balances extracted from all the ledgers of a business. It is used as an …

Statement of Financial Position

Statement of Financial Position: IAS terminology for balance sheet.

Broca’s aphasia

Broca’s aphasia A disruption of speech production that is caused by damage to Broca’s area . The disruption is largely restricted …

Canterbury College

School: Canterbury CollegeStreet: New Dover RoadTown: CanterburyCounty: KentPostcode: CT1 3AJHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.cant-col.ac.uk/Alumni Website: Tel: 01227 811111 Fax: 01227 811101 …

Black List

Black List: A list of potential customers or businesses that an organisation will not deal with.

Concept of Electronic Mail e-mail

Electronic Mail (e-mail): Sending written messages to and from computers, makes communications within a firm very much cheaper and quicker. …

Reorder Level

Reorder Level The quantity of stock considered the minimum before more need be ordered from the supplier. To decide on …

Human rights and discrimination

Human rights and discrimination Article 14 of the European Convention on Human Rights states that the rights and freedoms set …

Breast Self-Examination

Breast Self-Examination A method which women use to examine their breasts  to check for abnormalities. It is recommended that in …

Sentencing aims

Sentencing aims The Criminal Justice Act 2003 sets out the aims or purposes of sentencing for offenders aged 18 or …

جامعة جرينتش – University of Greenwich

جامعة جرينتش – University of Greenwich Greenwich Campus Old Royal Naval College Park Row London SE10 9LS t: 0800 005 …

ما الفرق بين التسويق المحلي و التسويق الدولي؟

ما الفرق بين التسويق المحلي و التسويق الدولي    تطورت استراتيجيات التسويق الدولي بفعل الشركات المتعددة الجنسيات لوضع أرضية مشتركة …

Non-Current Liabilities

Non-Current Liabilities: Long-term debts that a business owes to others. These usually include bank loans and debentures. The sum is …

Osmosis Definition

Osmosis Is the process by which solvents pass through a semi-permeable membrane under osmotic pressure. The solvent molecules, e.g. water, …

Blacking

Blacking Is the refusal to deal with goods or personnel of a firm, usually because they have been involved in …

Expense Definition

Expense A payment for something of immediate benefit to a business. It causes a debit on the accounts and is …

Rule of law

Rule of law A doctrine which underpins our legal system. Dicey, in the Law of the Constitution, wrote that the rule …

Social Development

Social Development The socialisation  process of developing social relationships and learning to live in society. 

كلية إل سي إيه لإدارة الأعمال ، لندن – LCA Business School, London

كلية إل سي إيه لإدارة الأعمال ، لندن – LCA Business School, London 19 Charterhouse Street London EC1N 6RA t: …

Chapter 7 Definition

Chapter 7 The section of the US Federal Bankruptcy Act 1978 that provides for the liquidation of a company which …

ما هو أفضل برنامج إدارة مشروعات صغيرة ؟

ما هو أفضل برنامج إدارة مشروعات صغيرة ؟ تعتبر إدارة المشروعات بشكل عام سواء كانت صغيرة او كبيرة من الأعمال …

Gender Role

Gender Role Those behaviours, attitudes and interests that are considered appropriate for one gender and inappropriate for the other. Several …

Child Safety Order

Child Safety Order: An order that can be made by the Family Proceedings Court in the local Magistrates’ Court in …

Partnership Agreements

Partnership Agreements Could be verbal or even implied by the conduct of the partner, but should be in writing to …

Holding Costs

Holding Costs Are the costs of holding goods. They comprise storage costs, storekeepers’ wages, insurance costs, interest on capital tied …

My Lai

My Lai A massacre of Vietnamese civilians that took place in March 1968, during the Vietnam War. In the course …

Incremental Salary Scales

Incremental Salary Scales Give the employee regular annual salary increases, as in the teaching profession, the police force, etc.

Fringe Benefits

Fringe Benefits Any benefit received by employees in addition to their wages or salary. Common fringe benefits are a company …

Positive discrimination

Positive discrimination This is where preference is given to someone, e.g. of a particular race or gender or who has …

Environmental Protection Act 1990

  Environmental Protection Act 1990  17.6.2  Introduction   The Environmental Protection Act 1990 is the centrepiece of current UK legislation …

Induction training

Induction training Induction training should always be provided to new employees, trainees and possibly contractors. While such training covers items …

Pricing Strategy

Pricing Strategy  Is the medium- to long-term plan of the price level that a firm wishes to set for a …

Family Law Act 1996

Family Law Act 1996 Was passed but only the sections concerned with domestic violence have come into force. It was …

Intrusive surveillance

Intrusive surveillance Is undercover surveillance of anything taking place on residential premises or in a private vehicle. The surveillance is …

Concept of Data

Data: Facts of any kind, whether in number or verbal form. Although this is the correct explanation, business people are …

Bank Supervision

Bank Supervision The process by which the Financial Services Authority (FSA) aims to ensure that banks do not lend more …

Approbation

Approbation Means approval and is a bar to the granting of a decree of nullity in family law. A decree …

Operational Research

Operational Research (OR):  A set of multi-disciplinary techniques which are an aid to organising and planning operations such as production, …

Child Support Act 1991

Child Support Act 1991 An Act of Parliament passed in 1991 and implemented in April 1993. It created a new …

Language Development

Language Development The study of the acquisition of language in human young. To achieve linguistic competence, children must master the …

Manchester College of Arts and Technology

School: Manchester College of Arts and TechnologyStreet: Openshaw CampusTown: OpenshawCounty: LancsPostcode: M11 2WHHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.mancat.ac.uk/Alumni Website: Tel: 0161 9535995Fax: …

Production Orientation

Production Orientation Is a term used by many writers to indicate an old-fashioned business that ignores customer tastes and needs. …

Accounting Principles

Accounting Principles: A chosen set of accounting conventions that must be applied consistently if company accounts are to be useful …

Grief Definition

Grief Is a response to loss  . This includes loss of a person, relationship, job, pet or any aspect of …

Lancaster and Morecambe College

School: Lancaster and Morecambe CollegeStreet: Morecambe RoadTown: LancasterCounty: LancsPostcode: LA1 2TYHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.lmc.ac.uk/Home/default.htmAlumni Website: Tel: 01524 66215Fax: 01524 843078 …

Trinity & All Saints

School: Trinity & All SaintsStreet: Brownberrie LaneTown: HorsforthCounty: West YorkshirePostcode: LS18 5HDHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.tasc.ac.uk/Alumni Website: Tel: 0113 2837100Fax: 0113 …

Cash Balance

Cash Balance: A firm’s net cash position at a point in time, as shown by the bank statement. FORMULA:  

جامعة كامبريدج

جامعة كامبريدج University of Cambridge      كلية كلير بجامعة كامبريدج مع تاريخ يمتد إلى 800 سنة (مما يجعلها ثاني أقدم …

Benifits of Economies of Scale

Economies of Scale: As some firms grow, they are able to produce at a lower average cost than before. These …

ماهي ادارة الخدمات الصحية والمستشفيات وما هي البرامج المتوفرة لديكم في هذا التخصص ؟

ماهي ادارة الخدمات الصحية والمستشفيات وما هي البرامج المتوفرة لديكم في هذا التخصص ؟   تعتمد ادارة الخدمات الصحية والمستشفيات …

The Export Department

  The Export Department    Every company wishing to consolidate its export activity has to create its own foreign trade …

Insulin Definition

Insulin  A hormone produced by the cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas  . The amount of insulin …

هل هناك أي برامج دراسية في تخصص الإدارة الصحية؟

هل هناك أي برامج دراسية في تخصص الإدارة الصحية؟    يعد تخصص الإدارة الصحية من التخصصات الحديثة نسبياً في العلوم …

Carbon Monoxide

Carbon Monoxide Chemical formula CO. A poisonous gas found in smoke. It is either drawn into the body or released …

Causation definition

Causation An important characteristic of scientific psychology, the belief that events do not just happen, they are caused by something …

The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999

The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 As mentioned earlier, on 1 January 1993, following an EC …

Council Tax

Council Tax Is a tax raised on the value of houses by local authorities. If it is assumed that larger …

Offeree definition

offeree A person to whom an offer is made in contract law.

Social Skills

Social Skills Are those which assist in forming relationships with others. 

Bank Advances

Bank Advances Are the loans which banks make to individual or business customers. They may be made in the form …

Food Allergies

Food Allergies A reaction to food that has been eaten or touched. This can be mild or severe. Food allergies …

ما هي مبادئ التعليم المفتوح المعمول بها في الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي؟

ما هي مبادئ التعليم المفتوح المعمول بها في الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي    تعمل الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي …

Value Added Tax -VAT

Value Added Tax -VAT  Is a percentage tax added on to the price of a good or service. Itᅠwas introduced …

Unstructured Interview

Unstructured Interview A type of interview in which the interviewer asks questions spontaneously, rather than sticking to scripted questions. This …

Time Lag

Time Lag: A delay in the reaction of one variable to a change in another variable. For example, during the …

Transfusion Definition

Transfusion The procedures used to introduce fluid into a tissue or blood vessel in the body. Fluid is transfused when …

Labour Productivity

Labour Productivity: Output per person employed, a measure of the efficiency of labour. 

Real GDP

Real GDP Means a figure for total output in the economy which has been adjusted to allow for inflation. 

Constructive manslaughter

Constructive manslaughter A killing where an accused, who does not have the necessary intention for murder , kills the victim in …

On-Balance-Sheet Financing

On-Balance-Sheet Financing Means generating extra cash using internal or external sources of finance that will show up on a firm’s …

Ombudsman

Ombudsman: A person or body which investigates complaints from consumers in either the public or the private sector. Banking and …

Pollution

Pollution  Means contamination of some kind. It is usually referred to in the context of the environment, where pollution can …

Quick Ratio

Quick Ratio: Also known as the acid test ratio and the liquidity ratio.

Rate of Inventory Turnover

Rate of Inventory Turnover Shows how many times on average a ‘bundle’ of goods was sold during the last accounting …

Involuntary Unemployment

Involuntary Unemployment Includes all those unemployed people who have made determined efforts to find work and will accept what work …

Nurse Definition

Nurse A professional qualified to care for people in a variety of settings. Nursing involves training for three years. Half …

Economist Intelligence Unit -EIU

Economist Intelligence Unit -EIU A sister company to the Economist  magazine that provides carefully researched secondary data  on particular countries …

Biased sampling

Biased sampling Refers to the over-representation of one category of participant (males, females, students, people of a certain age, etc.) …

Savings Gap

Savings Gap: The difference between the savings ratio and the desirable level of investment that would lead to improved rates …

Perfectly Inelastic Supply

Perfectly Inelastic Supply Means that there is a fixed supply. This holds for many products in the market period . …

Set the Event Agenda

Set the Event Agenda   You’ve chosen the date and the theme, roughed out a guest list and created smart …

Intelligence Definition

Intelligence Notwithstanding early attempts to define intelligence in terms of one underlying general factor (g) , most definitions stress the …

Color as a design element

Color as a design element   Color is one of the most complex design elements and there is a lot …

Continuous Research

Continuous Research Consists of surveys  that are carried out on a regular basis, such as every month. Firms might do …

Public Service Motive

Public Service Motive The force that drives people to work for a greater good than simply personal gain or profit.

Chartered Accountant

Chartered Accountant: One who has achieved a publicly recognised qualification from a professional association and can therefore charge higher fees …

كيف يتم التسجيل في ماجستير الادارة العامة ؟

كيف يتم التسجيل في ماجستير الادارة العامة ؟   يتم التسجيل في برنامج ماجستير الادارة العامة من بريطانيا والبرامج الأخرى …

External Balance

External Balance A situation in which exports and imports are roughly the same in value.

Straight-Line Method

Straight-Line Method of Calculating Depreciation Is calculated by spreading the net cost of purchasing a non-current asset over its expected …

ما أهمية دورة السلامة المهنية ؟ وما هي سياستها ؟

 ما أهمية دورة السلامة المهنية؟ وما هي سياستها ؟ تمثل السياسة المتبعة في السلامة المهنية التي تتبعها المؤسسات الصناعية أهم …

Cost Differential

Cost Differential  A difference in cost between competing producers. This could be due to economies of scale or the use …

Maslow, A

Maslow, A (1908-1970): An American psychologist whose work on human needs has had great impact upon management theorists. Best known …

كيفية الحصول على شهادة المحاسب الادارى المعتمد CMA

كيفية الحصول على شهادة المحاسب الإداري المعتمد CMA تساهم الدراسة في برنامج محاسب إداري معتمد من بريطانيا في زيادة فرص …

Whistle Blowing

Whistle Blowing A way in which problems and difficulties within organisations are publicised by an individual who is an employee. 

Negotiation

Negotiation   As soon as a client or employer decides they would like to work with you, you will be …

Tariff Definition

Tariff  A tax imposed on an imported good. This is likely to reduce demand, and makes any domestic competitor more …

Equilibrium

Equilibrium Is the notion of a market where demand  and supply  are equal to each other. In a product market, …

Intermediate Goods

Intermediate Goods Are purchased by producers and include such products as materials and components (for short-term usage) or machinery and …

Networking

Networking: The establishment of business contacts and communication links by socialising, attending professional meetings or by belonging to the right …

Delegation Definition

Delegation Means passing authority down the hierarchy (see decentralisation  and empowerment  ). It can only work successfully on the basis …

Scientific Method

Scientific Method Refers to the use of investigative methods that are objective, systematic and replicable. It is objective in that …

Collective Bargaining

Collective Bargaining Involves direct negotiations between the trade union representing the employees and the employers or the employers’ organisation. Some …

Transfer Payment

Transfer Payment Is where government income from one part of society is paid to another part. The best known are …

International Financial Reporting Standards -IFRS

International Financial Reporting Standards -IFRS The standards adopted in 2005 as the only way public companies are allowed to present …

What is Auction

Auction: A method of selling. In contract law, when the auctioneer invites people to make bids, he is making an …

Job Specification

Job Specification:  A statement or listing of the characteristics required to do a job successfully. So whereas the job description …

Hedging Definition

Hedging  Is a way to minimise risks. Commodities or currencies can be bought now for delivery on a date in …

Death Definition

Death Is the result of the total shutdown in the systems of the body. The number of deaths per year …

Convertible Loan Stock

Convertible Loan Stock Gives the holder the opportunity to exchange the loan into ordinary shares of a company at some …

Freedom of religion

Freedom of religion It is unlawful to discriminate against a person because of their religion, religious belief or other philosophical …

Commission For Social Care Inspection

Commission For Social Care Inspection An independent organisation established by the Health and Social Care (Community Health Standards) Act 2003. …

Certiorari

Certiorari: The Latin name for a quashing order .

Perfect Competition

Perfect Competition Exists when a market exhibits the following characteristics: • A large number of small buyers and sellers, none of …

كلية ستوكبورت – Stockport College

كلية ستوكبورت – Stockport College Wellington Road South Stockport SK1 3UQ t: 0161 958 3143 f: 0161 958 3663 e: …

Private members’ Bills

Private members’ Bills Those introduced into Parliament by an individual MP rather than by a government minister. Time for debating …

Research and Development Costs

Research and Development Costs Are normally written off in the financial period in which they occur; they are treated as …

Proprietor Definition

Proprietor Is the person who owns and runs a business, usually a sole trader. 

Concept of Effective Demand

Effective Demand: In order to actually buy a product, consumers must not just want it but also be able to …

المدرسة البريطانية لطب تقويم العظام – British School of Osteopathy

المدرسة البريطانية لطب تقويم العظام – British School of Osteopathy 275 Borough High Street London SE1 1JE t: 020 7089 …

Budget Deficit

Budget Deficit The amount by which government expenditure exceeds tax revenue. The deficit can be financed by borrowing. The Bank …

East Berkshire College

School: East Berkshire CollegeStreet: Station RoadTown: LangleyCounty: BerksPostcode: SL3 8BYHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.eastberks.ac.uk/Alumni Website: Tel: 01753 793000 Fax: 01753 793358 …

Function

Function:  An individual’s job role, defined broadly within headings such as marketing, production, personnel or finance. Therefore a business structured …

Same sex couples

Same sex couples In some areas of law, are treated in the same way as non-married heterosexual couples. In 2002, …

Appraising Performance

Appraising Performance     Some comparison of actual performance with control standards may be done made the manager himself. This …

Alveolus Definition

Alveolus  (Plural alveoli) one of the many air sacs in the lungs where gaseous exchange  takes place. The alveoli are …

Standing Orders

Standing Orders: Payments made automatically by a bank on behalf of customers. They are for set figures and may be …

ما هو مفهوم التحليل النفسي عند فرويد وهل لديكم برامج متخصصة لدراسة علم النفس؟

ما هو مفهوم التحليل النفسي عند فرويد وهل لديكم برامج متخصصة لدراسة علم النفس؟ أثرت نظريات فرويد في التحليل النفسي …

Information Processing Approach To Intelligence

Information Processing Approach To Intelligence Emphasises the cognitive processes that underlie intelligent behaviour rather than merely quantifying intelligence (the psychometric …

Malice aforethought

Malice aforethought The mens rea required for murder . It is the intention to kill or cause grievous bodily harm. …

Tips in determining wall tratments

Tips in determining wall tratments   Some things you might want to take into consideration with determining the wall treatments …

Concept of Internal Growth

Internal Growth Occurs when a firm expands its own output. The alternative approach, external growth, would involve taking over or …

ما فائدة السلامة المهنية وسياستها في المؤسسات ؟

ما فائدة السلامة المهنية وسياستها في المؤسسات ؟ تعتبر السياسة المتبعة في السلامة المهنية التي تتبعها جميع المؤسسات الصناعية التي …

الشهادات المتقدمة في الإدارة التربوية من بريطانيا

الشهادات المتقدمة في الإدارة التربوية من بريطانيا The Advanced Certificates in Education Management     التعليم كالماء و الهواء جملة …

Teaching Styles

Teaching Styles Refers to the preferred tactics used by individual teachers to impart knowledge to their students. Teaching style may …

Domestic Violence

Domestic Violence Is physical abuse within a relationship. One partner in the relationship might use physical, emotional, economic, sexual or …

Systems Of Redress

Systems Of Redress Procedures which are put in place in an organisation to deal with grievances  and complaints.

Coatbridge College

School: Coatbridge CollegeStreet: Kildonan StreetTown: CoatbridgeCounty: LanarkshirePostcode: ML5 3LSHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.coatbridge.ac.ukAlumni Website: Tel: 01236 422316 Fax: 01236 440266  Type: …

Concept of Issued Share Capital

Issued Share Capital:  The amount of a firm’s authorised share capital that has actually been issued (sold) to investors. The …

External Economies of Scale

External Economies of Scale: Cost savings which occur as the industry grows. These will reduce costs for the whole industry …

Abacus College

School: Abacus CollegeStreet: Threeways HouseTown: OxfordCounty: OxfordshirePostcode: OX1 2BJHeadteacher/Principal: Dr R CarringtonSchool Website: http://www.abacuscollege.co.uk/ Alumni Website: Tel: 01865 240111 Fax: …

Public Limited Company PLC

Public Limited Company (PLC): A company with limited liability (Ltd) and shares which can be bought by the general public. …

كيف تفيد دراسة علم نفس الطفل للدارسين و المهتمين ؟

كيف تفيد دراسة علم نفس الطفل للدارسين و المهتمين ؟    ‏يهتم علم نفس الطفولة بعرض و تقييم أهم خصائص …

Detention by police

Detention by police Can occur after arrest if it is necessary to question the suspect or obtain other evidence. The …

إلى ماذا تهدف إدارة المخاطر؟

إلى ماذا تهدف إدارة المخاطر   تهدف إدارة المخاطر بكل أنظمتها لمحاولة تجنب الخسائر بتوقعها، ومواجهتها حال حدوثها، و تقليل …

Non-Collusive Oligopoly

Non-Collusive Oligopoly: A situation in which there is a small number of producers competing strongly with one another and making …

Sensitivity Analysis

Sensitivity Analysis Tries to measure outcomes if the variables in a forecast were to change. Many projects involve long time …

zero sum game

 Zero Sum Game: A situation in which a gain made by one person or organisation can only be made at …

Minimum Wage

Minimum Wage The lowest hourly wage rate an employer is legally allowed to pay an employee. Introduced in April 1999, …

Product Placement

Product  Placement Occurs when a manufacturer gets a brand placed in a scene of a film or television programme. If …

Inventory Reorder Level

Inventory Reorder Level Indicates to the inventory (stock) controller when it is necessary to reorder certain raw materials or components. …

National Income

National Income Is a term used in two ways. It is often used quite loosely to mean total income for …

What is Arbitration

Arbitration: A method of resolving a dispute without a court case. The parties agree to go to arbitration, and their …

Private nuisance

Private nuisance The unlawful interference with a person’s use and enjoyment of his land by unreasonable activities carried out by …

مدرسة طب هول يورك – Hull York Medical School

مدرسة طب هول يورك – Hull York Medical School HYMS Admissions Section Admissions and UK/EU Student Recruitment University of York …

Extremes of Temperature

  Heat and Radiation Hazards 13.5.1 Extremes of Temperature The human body is very sensitive to relatively small changes in …

ما هي أهمية السلامة المهنية في المؤسسات الصناعية وما هي البرامج المتاحة في هذا المجال ؟

ما هي أهمية السلامة المهنية في المؤسسات الصناعية وما هي البرامج المتاحة في هذا المجال ؟ السلامة المهنية في المؤسسات …

Gender Bias

Gender Bias Refers to the treatment of men and women in psychological research and theory such as to offer a …

Conspiracy definition

Conspiracy An inchoate criminal offence. Inchoate means ‘just begun or undeveloped’. In other words the main crime has not been …

Concept of Junk Bond

Junk Bond: A fixed interest loan with a high interest rate but also a substantial degree of risk for the …

Monopoly Power

Monopoly Power: The market power which the single or dominant supplier has, in terms of being able to set prices. …

RPIX and RPIY

RPIX and RPIY: RPIX is the retail price index excluding mortgage interest payments, thus giving a measure of inflation which …

Color Balance

Color Balance    Hue Hue is just another word for color. Turquoise and crimson are hues; so are softer colors …

Currency Swaps

Currency Swaps  Are ways in which firms avoid the problems of international currencies which fluctuate in value. A swap takes …

Erikson’s ‘Eight Ages Of Man’

Erikson’s ‘Eight Ages Of Man’ Although Erikson accepted the basics of Freud’s psychoanalytic theory, he believed that we should place …

Concept of Intellectual Property

Intellectual Property Derives from the invention or ownership of a patent, trade mark, logo or any other copyright material. If …

ما هي افضل جامعة في تعليم الادارة العامة ؟

ما هي افضل جامعة في تعليم الادارة العامة ؟ تمثل الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي افضل جامعة في تعليم الادارة …

Margin of Safety

Margin of Safety: The difference between the actual sales achieved, or forecast as achievable, and the break-even level of sales. …

Means Test

Means Test A check on the amount of income and assets, such as money in a bank account or building society …

Perfect Mobility

Perfect Mobility Is a condition of perfect competition  and means that both labour  and capital can move from one use …

Offshoring

Offshoring: Setting up a company in a foreign country or tax haven in order to take advantage of low tax …

Fixed Production Overhead Variance

Fixed Production Overhead Variance Shows the difference between the budgeted fixed production overhead and the actual fixed production overhead. Fixed …

Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art

School: Duncan of Jordanstone College of ArtStreet: Faculty of Arts and Social SciencesTown: DundeeCounty: AngusPostcode: DD1 4HNHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.dundee.ac.uk/main/depts.htmAlumni …

Mentally ill offenders

Mentally ill offenders The mental illness of an offender will affect any criminal case against them in three different ways: …

Sales Conference Definition

Sales conference:  a meeting where a company’s salesforce  is brought together to be given a presentation on new products and …

Running Balance Accounts

Running Balance Accounts: Ledger accounts where the balance is adjusted each time a transaction takes place. They are widely used, …

Credit Crunch

Credit Crunch The sudden switch from plentiful credit to credit shortage that began in August 2007. It started with the …

Complete any Repairs or Renovations

Complete any Repairs or Renovations     Determine if anything needs to be repaired (such as a crack in the …

Median

Median: The middle observation in any data series. It is an important measure of the average in data series which …

Search Order

Search Order A court order in a civil case that the defendant must allow the claimant to search the defendant’s premises …

Marketing by Membership Organizations

Marketing by Membership Organizations   Another excellent way to network is by joining associations that prospective clients may belong to. …

Health Education

Health Education  A programme which informs the generalpublic about issues relating to healthy lifestyles. This allows individuals the benefit of …

Stereotyping Definition

Stereotyping Applying a set of presumed attitudes about groups of individuals in society. This relates to the formation of positive …

Perfectly Contestable Market

Perfectly Contestable Market: A market where entry is free and practically costless. Firms already in the market will be aware …

Psychological Warfare

Psychological Warfare The use of psychological knowledge, skills and techniques in conflict situations. Although the commonest examples of psychological warfare …

ما هو افضل مكان يقدم امتحان cma؟

ما هو افضل مكان يقدم امتحان CMA؟ تساعد شهادة برنامج محاسب إداري معتمد من بريطانيا على تنمية قدرات المحاسبين و …

Provision for Bad Debts

Provision for Bad Debts: Another name used for provision for doubtful debts.

Horizontal Merger

Horizontal Merger Means the integration of two firms which supply very similar products.

أريد الحصول على تسجيل في ماجستير الادارة العامة ؟

أريد الحصول على تسجيل في ماجستير الادارة العامة ؟   لا يحتاج التسجيل في برنامج ماجستير الادارة العامة من بريطانيا …

Official Reserves

Official Reserves Are the reserves of foreign exchange held by the central bank . They may be used to defend …

Leapfrog appeal

Leapfrog appeal An appeal route direct from the High Court to the Supreme Court . Under the Administration of Justice …

work-to-rule

work-to-rule: a form of industrial action in which employees refuse to undertake any work that is outside the precise terms …

Restructuring

Restructuring Means changing the departmental organisation of the firm or rationalising production. The objective is usually to cut costs but …

Cheque Guarantee Card

Cheque Guarantee Card: This guarantees that a bank will honour a cheque up to a pre-agreed amount (e.g. £50, £100 …

Stress-Related Illness

Stress-Related Illness Is any type of illness which is brought on by or made worse by stress . Illnesses particularly …

Investment

Investment Means spending now on something that can be expected to generate an income in the future. It is a …

Sampling Methods

Sampling Methods Are ways in which representative samples are selected. There are a variety of methods, such as: •    Random …

Inter-Rater Reliability

Inter-Rater Reliability Refers to the need to assess the degree to which two or more observers agree on the classification …

Average Rate of Return ARR

Average Rate of Return (ARR): A measure of profitability which can be used to assess the relative merits of alternative …

الخدمات اللوجستية

الخدمات اللوجستية Logistics نشأ مفهوم الخدمات اللوجستية في الأصل في المجال العسكري و كان المقصود منه هو دعم الجنود أثناء …

Normal Profit

Normal Profit That level of profit which is just sufficient to keep the resources employed in making a particular product …

Recruitment Definition

Recruitment Is the process of identifying the need for a new employee, defining the job and the appropriate person for …

Bear Market

Bear Market A period of pessimism and falling share prices on the stock market. Individuals who anticipate this happening sell …

Scenario Planning

Scenario Planning Is the process of anticipating possible changes in a firm’s situation and then devising ways of dealing with …

Business Review

Business Review: A section of the directors’ report  presented to the shareholders  at the annual general meeting  of a limited …

التخطيط الإداري

التخطيط الإداري Business Planning يعرف التخطيط الإداري بكونه الخطوة الأولى الأساسية في تنظيم العملية الإدارية و فيها تحدد الإدارة الأهداف …

Asian Financial Crisis

Asian Financial Crisis:   In 1997, Thailand and Korea encountered serious problems with loss of confidence in their banking systems. …

Secondment Definition

Secondment A posting to another division of a firm or even to a different firm altogether, partly with a view …

Smoking Definition

Smoking  Is a habit involving tobacco which contain harmful substances such as tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide. Nicotine is an …

Deafness Or Hearing Impairment

Deafness Or Hearing Impairment Is the temporary or permanent loss of hearing which can occur in one or both ears. …

Perceptual Organisation

Perceptual Organisation Refers to the ability of an organism to organise the information that arrives at the senses into a …

Immunity Definition

Immunity  Is one of the ways in which a body resists the attack of disease and infection. The body deals …

Relative Wage Rates

Relative Wage Rates Mean wages in comparison with those in other occupations, with other employers or with the price of …

Task Lighting

Task Lighting   Task lighting is direct lighting that provides enough illumination for people to carry out specific tasks such …

Ogive

Ogive:  Another term for a cumulative frequency distribution curve.  

Delegated legislation

Delegated legislation Law made by some organisation or body other than Parliament but with the authority of Parliament. This authority …

Discussing Salary

Discussing Salary     One of the touchiest questions that come up in an interview situation addresses salary expectations. Many …

Bottom-Up Budgets

Bottom-Up Budgets Are functional budgets prepared by lower levels of management. These budgets are incorporated into the master budget  after …

هل شهادة CPE معترف بها في الدول العربية؟

هل شهادة CPE معترف بها في الدول العربية؟ تتيح الدراسة في برنامج مهندس محترف معتمد من بريطانيا للطلاب و الدارسين …

Southern Regional College – Portadown Campus

School: Southern Regional College – Portadown CampusStreet: 36 Lurgan RoadTown: PortadownCounty: Co. ArmaghPostcode: BT36 5BLHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.ubi.ac.ukAlumni Website: Tel: …

Atkinson and Shiffrin’s memory model

Atkinson and Shiffrin’s model of memory Also known by various other names such as the multi-store model of memory , …

Personality Definition

Personality Refers to stable characteristics ( traits ) of a person that underlie consistencies in the way they behave over …

Concept of Job Satisfaction

Job Satisfaction:    The degree to which an employee feels positively towards his or her present job function. Many writers …

Communication

Communication Is the interaction between people, focusing primarily on the transfer of information. A communicator chooses an appropriate transmission mechanism  …

Medical Emergencies

Medical Emergencies   When planning a large outdoor festival or sporting event, it is advisable to have first aid personnel …

Pump Priming

Pump Priming: A term used much in the past to describe government spending which may be able to increase economic …

Targets

Targets Give specific objectives for economic policies, thus focusing the minds of those who will implement the policies. They provide …

Conscience definition

Conscience A set of moral principles that guide us in our decisions regarding right and wrong. In Freudian theory, the conscience …

Expansion Pricing

Expansion Pricing: Price reductions that are part cause and part an effect of economies of scale. For products with high …

Concept of Constructive dismissal

Constructive dismissal The term used where an employee is forced to resign from work because of the employer’s behaviour. This …

Sensitisation Definition

Sensitisation An organism becomes more sensitive to a particular stimulus or class of stimuli. When used as an explanation of …

Debt Crisis

Debt Crisis: In general this could apply to any borrower unable to make interest payments or debt repayments on the …

Working Time Directive

Working Time Directive: the EU legal requirement that employees should work a maximum of 48 hours per week averaged over …

Production Plan

Production Plan: A detailed account of how a business intends to create the goods and/or services to satisfy forecast demand. …

Real Disposable Income

Real Disposable Income: The amount of money that people have to spend after all taxes have been paid and any …

Benifits of Capital Account

Capital Account Records the dealings that the proprietor(s) of a business has with the business. It records what the proprietor(s) …

Concept of Expert Systems

Expert Systems: Highly developed computer software often used in diagnosing or analysing business problems or methods. Expert systems provide instant, …

Condition as a term of a contract

Condition as a term of a contract An important term of a contract dealing with the most essential parts of …

Set-Aside

Set-Aside: The scheme by which farmers are paid not to cultivate a portion of their land. The Common Agricultural Policy …

عرض – مساهمات الزوار

  للعودة إلى قائمة مساهمات الزوار إضغط هنا

Concept of Contingent Liabilities

Contingent Liabilities: A potential liability which exists when a balance sheet  is drawn up, the full extent of which is …

Ears Definition

Ears  Are the organs of hearing and balance. The position of the ears at the side of the head is …

Common Costs

Common Costs: Costs incurred in the production of more than one product. They must therefore be apportioned between joint products. …

كلية جاور سوانزي – Gower College Swansea

كلية جاور سوانزي – Gower College Swansea Ty Coch Road Swansea SA2 9EB t: 01792 284000 f: 01792 284074 e: …

Population Control

Population Control: In countries with high birth rates, limiting population growth is very important because it can raise per capita …

Research and development

Research and development (R and D) Means scientific research and technical development. This is directed at improving the product, rather …

أريد التسجيل في دورة متخصصة في وظائف سلامة وصحة مهنية لعام 2015 ؟

أريد التسجيل في دورة متخصصة في وظائف سلامة وصحة مهنية لعام 2015 ؟ منذ أن تم إنشاء الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية …

Aims

Aims  Are the long-term intentions that provide a focus for setting objectives  . They are usually expressed qualitatively, sometimes in …

Licensing Definition

Licensing When the holder of a patent  or copyright  allows other firms to use his or her creation in return …

Global Warming

Global Warming Is the rise in temperatures that is occurring as a result of the emission of ‘ greenhouse’ gases …

Management Trainee

Management Trainee: An employee selected to participate in a training programme designed to equip the individual for a management post. …

Balance Sheets of Limited Companies

Balance Sheets of Limited Companies Show the financial position of the company at one moment in time (generally on the …

Babbling definition

Babbling A repetitive type of infant vocalisation (words such as dadada, mamama) which has no special meaning (it is a repetition …

Currency Definition

Currency The notes and coins which are used as a medium of exchange in the country concerned.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder  An anxiety  disorder arising from a situation which has occurred in the life of the victim. This …

Upturn Definition

Upturn  Is that point in the business or trade cycle  where business confidence returns, investment restarts, unemployment falls and incomes …

Concept of Business Cycle

Business Cycle: The rise and fall in trade within the economy that tends to be repeated on a regular basis. …

Pollution Definition

Pollution The release of poisonous substances, fluids and vapours into the environment. These can have harmful effects on the soil …

Claim Form

Claim Form: The document which is used to start any civil case . Prior to April 1999, cases were started …

Prisoners’ Dilemma

Prisoners’ Dilemma: A game theory idea, based on the situation of two prisoners who must decide whether to confess, without …

Break-Even Point

Break-Even Point The intersection of total revenue and total costs on a break-even chart . It can be calculated without …

Reference

Reference:  An account by someone of independent standing of the suitability, capability and character of a job applicant. Employers may …

Learning And Children

Learning And Children Learning is a key aspect in a child’s development  . It is interlinked with different aspects of …

Activity theory

Activity theory Is a theory of ageing. It maintains that activity and involvement in late adulthood is more likely to …

Tacit Collusion

Tacit Collusion Means that an understanding has developed between two or more competing firms, but without any kind of personal …

Mexican and Southwestern

Mexican and Southwestern   Influenced by indigenous Indian and Spanish cultures, the Mexican and Southwestern styles are earthy, sophisticated and …

Hard Landing

Hard Landing: It is quite likely that after any period of rapidly growing aggregate demand, monetary and fiscal policies will …

Sex Discrimination Act 1975

Sex Discrimination Act 1975:  a law forbidding discrimination against either sex in relation to recruitment  , terms and conditions, and …

الاعتماد العلمي – Accreditation

الاعتماد العلمي – Accreditation   عملية الاعتماد بصفة عامة تعني الموافقة على تنفيذ أمر ما ، ولكن الاعتماد العلمي أو …

Institute of Arbitrators

Institute of Arbitrators Trains and supplies arbitrators for commercial arbitration cases.

Bridgend College

School: Bridgend CollegeStreet: Cowbridge RoadTown: BridgendCounty: GlamorganPostcode: CF31 3DFHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.bridgend.ac.uk/Alumni Website: Tel: 01656 302302 Fax: 01656 663912  Type: …

جامعة برادفورد – The University of Bradford

جامعة برادفورد – The University of Bradford Richmond Road Bradford West Yorkshire BD7 1DP t: 0800 073 1225 f: 01274 …

Net Profit

Net Profit Is defined as gross profit less overhead costs (which are usually similar to fixed costs). An alternative approach …

Keyhole Surgery

Keyhole Surgery  A surgical procedure involving the use of a special instrument called a laparoscope or endoscope. A small cut …

ما هو نظام الدراسة المتبع عند التسجيل في برنامج ماجستير ادارة السلامة والصحة المهنية ؟

ما هو نظام الدراسة المتبع عند التسجيل في برنامج ماجستير ادارة السلامة والصحة المهنية ؟ يعتمد نظام الدراسة في برنامج …

Methods of training

Methods of training      In this section, we are going to deal with the methods of training employees. We …

Northern Regional College – Felden Campus

School: Northern Regional College – Felden CampusStreet: Mill RoadTown: NewtownabbeyCounty: Co. AntrimPostcode: BT36 7BJHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: Alumni Website: Tel: 028 …

Council Of Europe

Council Of Europe An organisation which produces legislative frameworks which affect the lives of individuals in the European Union (EU) …

Restorative Justice

Restorative Justice Encourages those who have caused harm to acknowledge the impact of what they have done and gives them …

Financial Matters

Financial Matters   Now that the event is over and actual expenses are in you can reconcile the budget to …

Trespasser -non-visitor

Trespasser (non-visitor) In occupiers’ liability, a person who does not have permission to be on the occupier’s premises and is …

Interpersonal Attraction

Interpersonal Attraction The study of factors and processes involved in the attraction between two people. As such it covers a …

Role and function of external agencies

Role and function of external agencies   The Health and Safety Commission, Health and Safety Executive and the Local Authorities …

Lewisham College

School: Lewisham CollegeStreet: Lewisham WayTown: BrockleyCounty: LondonPostcode: SE4 1UTHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.lewisham.ac.uk/splash.aspAlumni Website: Tel: 020 86920353Fax: 020 86949163  Type: tertiary …

Node

Node:  The point on a network diagram that represents the end of an activity and/or the start of the next. …

هل يتم تقديم مشاريع تخرج في الإدارة الصحية للحصول علي النجاح ؟

هل يتم تقديم مشاريع تخرج في الإدارة الصحية للحصول علي النجاح ؟ الدراسة في برنامج الماجستير التخصصي في الإدارة الصحية …

Computer-Aided Manufacture

Computer-Aided Manufacture (CAM) Involves the computer in a variety of manufacturing tasks beyond the use of robots on the production …

A First Class Service 1998

A First Class Service 1998  A consultation document to ensure quality in the NHS (National Health Service)  by inviting comment …

Negative Resolution

Negative Resolution The majority of statutory instruments are subject to a negative resolution. This means that they become law on …

What is Tariff

tariff:  a tax imposed on an imported good. This is likely to reduce demand, and makes any domestic competitor more …

Total Equity

total equity:  the term used on published accounts to indicate the sums a business owes to its shareholders. This comprises …

Synovial Joints

Synovial Joints   Are types of freely movable joints  which connect one bone  to another to form part of the …

Tacit Collusion

Tacit Collusion Means that an understanding has developed between two competing firms, but without any kind of personal contact or …

Discrimination

Discrimination: The practice of preferring an applicant for a job because of the person’s race, gender or religion. Although discrimination …

Freedom of the person

Freedom of the person A basic human right upheld by Article 5 of the European Convention on Human Rights . There …

Market Testing

Market Testing  Is an investigation by a public sector business of the price that private sector firms would charge to …

Basic trust – vs mistrust

Basic trust (vs mistrust) The first stage in the psychosocial theory of Erik Erikson. If infants in the first year …

International Pricing Policy

  International Pricing Policy   One of the most complicated aspects of foreign trade is pricing policy. An incorrect pricing …

Balance of Probabilities

Balance of Probabilities: The standard of proof required in a civil case. This is a much lower standard than that …

Coding systems

Coding systems Usually used in qualitative research , a coding system is a way of operationalising a particular behaviour or …

Reserves

Reserves Is a term usually used to refer to the foreign currency reserves held by the central bank. These may …

Self-Help

Self-Help The way in which individuals and groups are encouraged to deal with their feelings and to solve their own …

كيف تدير مخاطر المشاريع ؟

كيف تدير مخاطر المشاريع ؟    تمثل إدارة مخاطر المشاريع أمراً من الأمور الأساسية و التي يجب أن ينتبه لها …

شهادات إدارة الموارد البشرية من بريطانيا

الشهادات المتقدمة في إدارة الموارد البشرية من بريطانيا The Advanced Certificates in Human Resources Management   لاشك ان العنصر البشري …

Import Definition

Import The purchase of a product or service from overseas. 

Ward of court

Ward of court A child who has come under the jurisdiction of the High Court. No important steps in the child’s …

Get a Part-Time Job

Get a Part-Time Job   A good way to get related experience is by taking a part-time job for a …

Administration Overheads

Administration Overheads: Expenses incurred in providing management and administration for the business. All overheads need to be absorbed if a …

Lowestoft College

School: Lowestoft CollegeStreet: St Peters StreetTown: LowestoftCounty: SuffolkPostcode: NR32 2NBHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.lowestoft.ac.uk/Alumni Website: Tel: 01502 583521Fax: 01502 500031  Type: …

Normative Influence

Normative Influence An explanation of conformity which is a result of people’s desire not to infringe group norms . Normative …

What is Consumer Sovereignty

Consumer Sovereignty Is the name for the process by which consumer demand determines the allocation of resources . An increase …

Simultaneous engineering

Simultaneous engineering means organising product development so that the different stages are carried out in conjunction with each other instead …

Halo Effect

 Halo Effect Refers to our tendency to allow one specific trait or our overall impression of a person to influence …

Open Questions

Open Questions Are those that invite a wide-ranging, reflective or imaginative response. On a questionnaire, they are questions that do …

Assist Definition

Assist Describes the role of carers when they support clients or someone else in a particular activity. 

Financial Deregulation

Financial Deregulation: The removal of restrictions on financial intermediaries . In the past many governments placed restrictions on the way …

Mission Definition

Mission An aim that can be tackled with passion, such as ‘to free the world from cancer’. In its early …

Family Divisional Court

Family Divisional Court Hears appeals on family matters from decisions by the Family Panel in the Magistrates’ Court . There …

Project Planning

Project Planning When undertaking a project such as launching a new product, firms need a planning procedure that ensures that …

Dominant Price Leader

Dominant Price Leader A firm which is first to raise prices and is then followed by the rest of the …

Insurance

Insurance Is the principle by which risks are shared between all those who wish to protect themselves from unforeseen eventualities. …

International Accounting Standards IASs

International Accounting Standards (IASs)  Are accounting standards  that have been issued by the International Accounting Standards Board  and are applicable …

Bare promise

  Bare promise:   A term used in contract law for a promise made by one party to another where …

Salts Definition

Salts Are ionic compounds containing at least one cation and one anion. The properties of salts are that they: •   …

Wigan and Leigh College

Wigan and Leigh College PO Box 53 Parsons Walk Wigan WN1 1RS t: 01942 761605 f: 01942 760223 w: www.wigan-leigh.ac.uk …

Blacklist

Blacklist: A list of names of people or companies that a firm or country will not deal with.

Cancer Relief Macmillan Fund

Cancer Relief Macmillan Fund An organisation which provides care and support for cancer patients in hospitals, hospices  and patients’ homes. …

Fire procedures and people with a disability

  Fire procedures and people with a disability People with a disability (including members of the public) need special consideration, …

Written particulars of employment

Written particulars of employment Must be given by an employer to an employee within two months of the employment starting. …

Quarantine Definition

Quarantine  Is the separation from others of people who have an infectious disease ( notifiable disease  ). Patients are isolated …

Holistic Care

Holistic Care Involves caring for the whole person. This means that the physical, intellectual, emotional, social, religious and cultural needs …

Color and Light

Color and Light   It is important to know how lighting in a room can affect the colors. Homestore, provides …

Guarantee definition

Guarantee A promise to pay debts or other liabilities of another person if that person does not pay them himself (see …

Prochaska Model

Prochaska Model Prochaska and DiClemente (1983) based their transtheoretical model of change on the observation that people appear to go …

Zero Tolerance

Zero Tolerance The principle that acting quickly against small crimes will help to reduce bigger crimes as well. It is …

Principles of heat transmission and fire spread

  Introduction to Health and Safety at work Principles of heat transmission and fire spread Fire transmits heat in several …

Excretion Definition

Excretion The removal of waste products resulting from metabolic processes in the body. Excretion includes loss of urea through the …

HIV -Human Immunodeficiency Virus

HIV -Human Immunodeficiency Virus  A virus which can cause AIDS  . The virus gradually breaks down the immune system of …

Event Planning as a Profession

Event Planning as a Profession   You are entering a vibrant, growing and rather young industry. Convention Industry Council president …

Intermediate Goods

Intermediate Goods Are inputs to the production process which have already undergone some processing or are manufactured. They include all …

General or Nominal Ledger

General or Nominal Ledger: The books where a small business could keep all its financial records and accounts. As the …

Intervention

Intervention  (In foreign currency markets) is when a central bank steps in to buy or sell a currency in order …

Concept of Consistency

Consistency: Once a business adopts a policy for use in recording financial transactions, it should continue to use the same …