تدوينات

Obtaining services dishonestly

Obtaining services dishonestly Is an offence under s11 of the Fraud Act 2006. A person is guilty of the offence …

Hartlepool College

School: Hartlepool CollegeStreet: Stockton StreetTown: HartlepoolCounty: ClevelandPostcode: TS24 7NTHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.hartlepoolfe.ac.uk/Alumni Website: Tel: 01429 295111 Fax: 01429 292999  Type: …

Environment

Environment: The surroundings in which people live and firms operate. The natural environment includes all the natural resources which affect …

Labour, Demand for

Labour, Demand for: The demand for labour reflects the demand for the product and is thus a derived demand . …

Qualitative research

Qualitative research  Is in-depth research into the motivations behind consumer behaviour or attitudes. It is usually conducted by psychologists among …

Concept of Collective Bargaining

Collective Bargaining  Is when one or more trade union  /s negotiate with management on behalf of a whole category of …

Social Schemas

Social Schemas Are mental representations of social knowledge based on previous experience. They offer us summaries of our social world …

Capitalism Definition

Capitalism The system in which the price mechanism is used to determine how resources are allocated. Land and capital are …

قسم علم النفس السريري

قسم علم النفس السريري Strategic Planning Department   يعرف علم النفس السريري بأنه العلم الذي يهتم بدراسة الخلل السلوكي و …

World Wide Web

World Wide Web A menu-based system of software that provides links to other information sources throughout the internet. It is …

Inflammation Definition

Inflammation  Is the body’s response to any injury which causes damage to the tissue. The signs and symptoms of inflammation …

ما هي الدراسة عن بعد ؟

ما هي الدراسة عن بعد ؟    يعتمد نظام الدراسة عن بعد في الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي علي الدراسة …

Law Lords

Law Lords The name for the judges who used to sit in the House of Lords when it was the …

Financial Reporting Standards

Financial Reporting Standards (FRS): Accounting standards issued under the authority of the Accounting Standards Board. The first standard was issued …

Marcia’s Theory

Marcia’s Theory Marcia (1966) interviewed adolescents about their ‘identity status’ After analysing their answers, he identified four categories of identity …

Acknowledgement of Service

Acknowledgement of Service: The procedure the defendant in a civil case must carry out when served with a claim form …

Concept of Break-Even Chart

Break-Even Chart: A graphical representation showing the point at which a business breaks even. The limitations of a break-even chart …

Frail And Elderly

Frail And Elderly Older people  who have been affected by an injury or trauma, disease, dysfunction, psychological or psychiatric disorder …

Oil Price

Oil Price: The price of oil in the wholesale market, which is a significant indicator of future pressures on production …

Concept of Heavy Industry

Heavy Industry: A rather loose term denoting the producers of large, heavy products usually from large-scale factories. Examples include the …

Franchise Definition

Franchise A business based upon the name, logo and trading method of an existing, successful business. To obtain a franchise …

Accounts Definition

Accounts A systematic way of recording the financial history of an organisation over a certain time period. The principal accounts …

word of mouth

word of mouth: the spread of information or publicity through individuals’ decisions to talk about a product or event. This …

Animal Spirits

Animal Spirits Is the term used by J M Keynes to describe the way in which many investment decisions are …

Client-Server Computing

Client-Server Computing Means processing data on networks of computers, some providing computing or data services to the network, the rest …

Oligopoly

Oligopoly  Exists when a market is dominated by a small number of large firms (see monopoly  ). Such a market …

Handling stolen goods

Handling stolen goods A criminal offence under s22 of the Theft Act 1968 of dishonestly receiving or dealing in goods that …

Anoxia definition

Anoxia Means deprivation of oxygen. Anoxia due to birth complications can cause brain damage in the baby.

Division

Division:  A major operational part of a business. It is likely to have its own chief executive officer (CEO) or …

هل تقدمون برامج دراسية في تخصص الادارة الصحية في المستشفيات ؟

هل تقدمون برامج دراسية في تخصص الادارة الصحية في المستشفيات ؟ استطاعت الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي أن توفر علي …

Excavations,prevention of drowning,vehicles and traffic routes….etc

Construction activities – hazards and control Construction hazards and control     Excavations   This topic will be covered in more …

Business Entity Concept

Business Entity Concept States that only transactions affecting the financial position of a business are recorded in the business books …

Moray College

School: Moray CollegeStreet: Moray StreetTown: ElginCounty: MorayPostcode: IV30 1JJHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.moray.ac.uk/Alumni Website: Tel: 01343 576 000Fax: 01343 576 005 …

Pre-School Groups

Pre-School Groups Offer care and early education to children under five years on a sessional or full day basis. They …

Debtors

Debtors Owe money whereas creditors are owed money. There is an age-related cycle of debt: Young people are usually in …

Partnership Income Statement

Partnership Income Statement Is no different from any other income statement  . Note: if a partner has made a loan, …

Kanban Definition

Kanban The Japanese system of order cards that pull component supplies through a factory. This is the practical basis of …

Corporate Venturing

Corporate Venturing Occurs when a large firm decides to invest in a smaller, probably fast-growing business. It is then behaving …

Redeployment

Redeployment means moving people to new job functions either because their department has been closed down or because they are …

Adversarial Process

Adversarial Process: The system used in most courts in England and Wales where each side has to prove their own …

Concept of Bankruptcy

Bankruptcy: Where a person’s debts are more than his assets so that he is unable to pay his debts. There …

Purchasing Manager

Purchasing Manager The individual responsible for obtaining the right supplies at the right price to arrive at the right time. …

Net Profit

Net Profit  Is gross profit minus expenses such as overhead costs In other words, it is sales revenue minus all …

Alternative Dispute Resolution

Alternative Dispute Resolution: Any method of resolving a dispute without having to go to court. The advantages of using ADR …

Partnership Accounts

Partnership Accounts Are prepared in the same way as the accounts of any other business. The financial statements could include: …

Short-Time Working

Short-Time Working: During a recession or a period of reduced demand for any reason, firms may reduce the length of …

ما هي السياسات المتبعة في السلامة المهنية في المصانع ؟

ما هي السياسات المتبعة في السلامة المهنية المصانع ؟ تتبع دائما المؤسسات الصناعية الكبرى نظم وسياسات لتطبيق السلامة في مواقع …

Deamination Definition

Deamination The process of breaking down surplus amino acids to produce urea.  

Free Weights vs. Machines

    Free Weights vs. Machines     Free weights provide a more complete workout.  However, they also require more expertise in …

Independent Police Complaints Commission – IPCC

Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) Was created by the Police Reform Act 2002 to replace the previous Police Complaints Authority. …

Blood Cells

Blood Cells Cells which are found in blood. There are two main types of cells: • Red blood cells  or erythrocytes. …

Corporate Governance

Corporate Governance Refers to the way in which decisions are taken within a public limited company . It has become …

Concept of Galbraith J K 1908–2006

Galbraith J K (1908–2006): A Canadian-born economist who taught at Harvard University. He held views which contrasted with conventional neoclassical …

What will you wear

What will you wear   While a consultation with a potential client is not exactly a job interview with a …

جامعة دي مونتفورت – De Montfort University

جامعة دي مونتفورت – De Montfort University The Gateway Leicester LE1 9BH t: 0116 255 1551 f: 0116 250 6204 …

Multi-Skilling

Multi-Skilling Means training a workforce to be able to work effectively across a wide range of tasks. This is necessary …

Joint Products

Joint Products Are the main products of a process that have their own high saleable value. In contrast, by-products  arise …

كلية فارنبره للتكنولوجيا – Farnborough College of Technology

كلية فارنبره للتكنولوجيا – Farnborough College of Technology Boundary Road Farnborough Hampshire GU14 6SB t: 01252 407028 f: 01252 407041 …

Enterprise Resource Planning

Enterprise Resource Planning: A modern term for manufacturing resource planning (MRP II), emphasising that service businesses can also benefit from …

Equity Finance

Equity Finance Means funds generated by selling shares. There is an important distinction between equity finance and loan finance . …

Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer This is a cancer  of the prostate gland, which is to be found at the base of the …

Royal Commission For Long-Term Care

Royal Commission For Long-Term Care  A government committee set up in 1998 to look at: •    Establishing values  with regard …

Simple Interest

Simple Interest Is calculated on the capital sum borrowed when a loan is agreed. No further calculations of interest are …

Expenditure-Reducing Policies

Expenditure-Reducing Policies Entail reducing the level of aggregate demand using fiscal and monetary policies . The term is used in …

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) Was established after the Second World War to encourage the growth of international …

Barnardos Definition

Barnardos A charity set up in 1866 by Dr Thomas Barnardo in response to the growing needs of young children …

Fire Drill

Fire Drill All institutions are required to implement a procedure which enables people to have practice at finding the best …

Distortions

Distortions: When prices are distorted, they fail to reflect the true costs of production. This means that either more or …

Partnership Current Accounts

Partnership Current Accounts Are credited with all appropriations of the partnership profits. The partners’ drawings and any interest charged on …

ما هي مهارات إدارة المؤسسات السياحية؟

ما هي مهارات إدارة المؤسسات السياحية؟   “خدمة وراحة العميل” أساس و قمة الأولويات في صناعة السياحة وإدارة المؤسسات السياحية …

Unearned Income

Unearned Income: Income derived from interest, dividends and rents, i.e. from assets which are owned, rather than from employment.

Comparability

Comparability: A yardstick for determining wage levels in negotiations between employers and trade unions. Unions may use wage rates in …

Nightmares Definition

Nightmares A nightmare is a dream occurring during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep . Nightmares result in feelings of inescapable …

Company Union

Company Union: A Japanese approach whereby all workers within a firm are automatically represented by a trade union structure that …

‏أصول تعلم اللغة الإنجليزية

‏أصول تعلم اللغة الإنجليزية    تتميز اللغة الإنجليزية بكونها ليست مجرد لغة يتعلمها الطلاب في المدارس بشكل إلزامي في مختلف …

Physical Disability

Physical Disability A disorder, disease  or dysfunction  which affects or restricts movement and co-ordination of one or more parts of …

Standard Hour

Standard Hour Measures the quantity of work that can be achieved at a standard level of performance in one hour. …

Cash Balance

Cash Balance: A firm’s net cash position at a point in time, as shown by the bank statement. FORMULA:  

Interim relief

Interim relief An order for a temporary remedy while waiting for the trial to take place. For example, in a …

Radio Interviews

Radio Interviews   For radio, contact talk show producers, news directors, or morning show hosts, depending on who you think …

Sales Forecasting

Sales Forecasting Estimating future demand for a new or existing product. Forecasting is necessary in order to estimate production capacity …

ماذا تعني الادارة الاستراتيجية للموارد البشرية وهل المقررات تكون pdf عند الدراسة ؟

ماذا تعني الادارة الاستراتيجية للموارد البشرية وهل المقررات تكون pdf عند الدراسة ؟ تعني الادارة الإستراتيجية للموارد البشرية هي أن …

Concept of Competition Act 1998

Competition Act 1998:  This reformed and strengthened UK competition law by prohibiting anti-competitive behaviour and raising substantially the fines that …

Utility

Utility Means satisfaction, to an economist. Some of the underlying theory behind our understanding of demand involves examining the utility …

Care Relationship

Care Relationship The rapport, respect and the professional relationship which is developed between clients and their carers. This involves: • Assessing …

ماذا تعني cma؟

ماذا تعني  cma؟ تعني شهادة محاسب إداري معتمد من بريطانيا و التي تم تصميمها لتكون منظومة دراسية متكاملة و ليست …

At Par

At Par: When shares are issued by a limited company  at their nominal  (face) value  they are said to be …

Elasticities Definition

Elasticities Measure responsiveness to change. For fuller details see price elasticity of demand, income elasticity of demand, supply elasticity and …

Pricing Methods

Pricing Methods Are the different ways in which a firm can decide on the price level to set for its …

Public Sector Net Cash Requirement -PSNCR

Public Sector Net Cash Requirement -PSNCR Is the gap between government income from taxes and other sources, and its expenditure …

كلية القانون – The College of Law

كلية القانون – The College of Law Study in: London, Birmingham & Chester Administration Address: Braboeuf Manor St Catherines, Portsmouth …

Inputs Definition

Inputs Are the elements which go into producing a good or service, such as the workforce, raw materials, components and …

ما هو أفضل برنامج دراسي لمتخصصوا الجودة الشاملة في الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي؟

ما هو أفضل برنامج دراسي لمتخصصوا الجودة الشاملة في الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي   أولاً: الماجستير التخصصي في إدارة …

Principles of prevention

  Principles of control                                     Introduction The control of risks is essential to secure and maintain a healthy and safe …

Pressure Groups

Pressure Groups  Are groups who ‘lobby’ parliament or local government on different issues or areas of concern in society. They …

Accomplice

Accomplice: Another name for an accessory to a crime or a secondary participant in a crime.

Bank Statement Balance

Bank Statement Balance Shows the amount of cash a business has in its current account. This balance is used in …

Transference Definition

Transference A term used in psychotherapy to describe the way in which patients may recreate feelings and conflicts from their …

Laser Treatment

Laser Treatment  A treatment method involving a device which produces a very thin beam of light. The energy in the …

Change Management

Change Management The process of planning, preparing, implementing and evaluating changes in business strategies or working methods. The key underlying …

Authorised Share Capital

Authorised Share Capital The value of share capital which a company may issue, i.e. sell, to raise funds. This is …

False imprisonment – trespass to person

False imprisonment (trespass to person) Preventing someone from exercising freedom of movement. This is usually locking someone in a room …

Social Identity

  Social Identity  Is how an individual develops and maintains social relationships formed through friendships. Their social network  is developed …

Asset Definition

Asset Anything providing a flow of benefits to an organisation over a certain time period. Those reported as assets on …

Local Multiplier

Local Multiplier: When spending in one particular area increases, then a local multiplier effect will be observed. Extra spending will …

On-the-Job Training

On-the-Job Training Is instruction at the place of work on how the job should be carried out. It may be …

Best Value

Best Value Is a statutory approach to service delivery which emphasises improvement. Local authorities have a duty to provide Best …

Benifits of Arbitration

Arbitration Is resolving a dispute by appointing an independent person or panel to judge the appropriate outcome. The arbitrator will …

False Consensus Bias

False Consensus Bias The tendency to see our own attitudes, beliefs and behaviour as being typical. For example, students who …

Sources and storage of information

SOURCES AND STORAGE OF INFORMATION     Control is one of the functions of management. Planning is another, and if …

Standing committee

Standing committee A committee of MPs that deals with the Committee stage of a Bill and considers each part of it …

Manslaughter definition

Manslaughter A criminal offence of causing the death of another person. There are two types of manslaughter: 1. Voluntary manslaughter, where the …

ما هي مميزات دراسة الادارة العامة ؟

ما هي مميزات دراسة الادارة العامة ؟ من أهم مميزات الادارة العامة أنها تساعد في توجيه الجهود البشرية نحو تحقيق …

Picketing

Picketing Occurs when strikers stand at entrances to the venue of an industrial dispute  in the attempt to persuade others …

Policy

Policy:  Another term for strategy. In other words, a plan for meeting objectives. 

Cornwall College Camborne

School: Cornwall College CamborneStreet: Trevenson RoadTown: PoolCounty: CornwallPostcode: TR15 3RDHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.camborne.ac.ukAlumni Website: Tel: 01209 611611 Fax: 01209 611612 …

Firm-Specific Skills

Firm-Specific Skills Are those skills which are acquired on the job and relate to that particular employer. A business will …

Debrief Definition

Debrief A meeting to hear what a researcher or interviewer has discovered and to discuss what conclusions can be drawn. 

ما هو أفضل برنامج متخصص في اساسيات ادارة الموارد البشرية ؟

ما هو أفضل برنامج متخصص في اساسيات ادارة الموارد البشرية ؟ تميزت الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي بتقديم أفضل واهم …

Earnings per share -EPS

Earnings per share -EPS  A ratio showing the after-tax profit  available for distribution to shareholders. The company directors recommend and …

Arithmetic Average -Mean

Arithmetic Average -Mean The arithmetic mean or average of a distribution is a measure of central tendency which is calculated …

Other Parts of Your Plan

Other Parts of Your Plan   Make notes of what you would like to do with your own business. Because …

Age-Earnings Profile

Age-Earnings Profile: On average, there is a process by which earnings start relatively low at the beginning of the working …

Marx, K 1818–1883

Marx, K (1818–1883) Perceived capitalism as one stage in economic development, because it would eventually bring about its own destruction. …

Budget Period

Budget Period: The time covered by a particular budget. The budget period can be broken down into smaller time periods …

Magnetic Resonance Imaging -MRI

Magnetic Resonance Imaging -MRI Is a type of non-invasive imaging technique that allows physicians to look into a living brain. …

Family Dysfunction

Family Dysfunction A situation within a family where conflict, lack of empathy toward family members and even abuse occur continually. Children …

Oligopoly

Oligopoly: A market in which there are a few large firms competing with one another. It is characterised by: •   …

Insolvency Act 1986

Insolvency Act 1986 The legislation that sets out the possible ways of dealing with an insolvent company.  The options include: …

Ill Health

Ill Health And disease can be classified as social, psychological, emotional or physical and can be defined as a breakdown …

Concept of Contribution Costing

Contribution Costing Values a product by only considering the variable costs incurred in its production. It is often used when …

Concept of Constraint

Constraint:  A limitation on a firm’s ability to meet its objectives. Internal constraints  are within the firm’s control; external constraints  …

كيف استفاد من درس ببرنامج شهادة استشاري جودة معتمد CQC في عمله ؟

كيف استفاد من درس ببرنامج شهادة استشاري جودة معتمد CQC في عمله ؟    ‏تسعى الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي …

Verbal Skills

Verbal Skills   Verbal communication skills come into play when you are selling yourself to potential clients. Especially if you …

Intra-Firm Comparison

Intra-Firm Comparison Evaluates performance within a firm, often by using financial ratios. There are two methods of conducting this comparison: …

Gorseinon College

School: Gorseinon CollegeStreet: Belgrave RoadTown: GorseinonCounty: GlamorganPostcode: SA4 4NNHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.gorseinon.ac.uk/Alumni Website: Tel: 01792 890777 Fax: 01792 898729  Type: …

Benifits of Inflationary Spiral

Inflationary Spiral:  The way in which price rises in one sector of the economy cause price increases in another, so …

Purchasing Power

Purchasing Power: The real value of a given sum of money in terms of what it will buy. Inflation causes …

Measures of Development

Measures of Development Are indicators that usefully supplement the standard GDP and HDI data. They include school enrolment, access to …

Interviewing Definition

Interviewing Is  the process of obtaining information through questioning conducted face to face or over the telephone. There are two …

كلية الدراسات الشرقية والأفريقية ، جامعة لندن – School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London)

كلية الدراسات الشرقية والأفريقية ، جامعة لندن – School of Oriental and African Studies – University of London Thornhaugh Street …

Chartered Accountant

Chartered Accountant: One who has achieved a publicly recognised qualification from a professional association and can therefore charge higher fees …

Accounting Rate of Return

Accounting Rate of Return: A method of investment appraisal that evaluates the forecast annual profit as a percentage of the …

Milk Round

Milk Round: The slang term used for the annual practice of some large firms to visit many universities and recruit …

كلية بروكلاندز – Brooklands College

كلية بروكلاندز – Brooklands College Heath Road Weybridge Surrey KT13 8TT t: 01932 797797 f: 01932 797800 e: [email protected] w: …

Care Plan

Care PlanA procedure set up to outline a course of care, treatment or therapy between professional carers and their clients, …

Charging Suspects

Charging Suspects: When the police believe they have enough evidence to charge a suspect with an offence, the police will …

Homosexuality Definition

Homosexuality A term used to refer either to sexual contact with members of the same sex, or a sexual preference …

Maslow, A

Maslow, A (1908-1970): An American psychologist whose work on human needs has had great impact upon management theorists. Best known …

Globalisation

Globalisation Of the international economy refers to the process by which there is both an increasing world market in goods …

Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998

  Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 17.20.1    Introduction This summary gives information about the Lifting Operations and Lifting …

Petty Cash Vouchers

Petty Cash Vouchers Should be filled in each time money is given out of the petty cash float. The voucher …

Prototype Definition

Prototype Generally used to represent something which possesses features which are obviously characteristic of a given category of objects or …

Reserves

Reserves Is a term usually used to refer to the foreign currency reserves held by the central bank. These may …

Enterprise

Enterprise Is a term which is used in two ways: •    an enterprise is a business which takes risks and …

Food Safety And General Food Hygiene Regulations 1995

Food Safety And General Food Hygiene Regulations 1995 Regulations aiming to ensure common food hygiene rules across the European Union …

Occupational exposure limits

Chemical and biological health hazards and control Details of a COSHH assessment Occupational exposure limits   One of the main …

Interim Accounts

Interim Accounts Are those produced (and sometimes published) halfway through the financial year.

Nemo judex in res sua

Nemo judex in res sua A rule of natural justice which means that no man should be a judge in his …

Kidderminster College

School: Kidderminster CollegeStreet: Market StreetTown: KidderminsterCounty: WorcsPostcode: DY10 1LXHeadteacher/Principal: Mr Andrew MillerSchool Website: http://www.kidderminster.ac.uk/Alumni Website: Tel: 01562 820811Fax: 01562 512006 …

Accounting Technician

Accounting Technician: A person who assists a fully qualified accountant to prepare financial statements.

ما هي أشهر جامعة التعليم عن بعد ؟

ما هي أشهر جامعة التعليم عن بعد ؟   أخذت الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي شهرة ومكانة رفيعة بين أقرانها …

Welfare Rights

Welfare Rights  The rights which individuals have in society in terms of access to information and support with regard to …

شهادات العلاقات العامة

الشهادات المتقدمة في العلاقات العامة من بريطانيا The Advanced Certificates in Public Relations  

Human Rights Act 1998

Human Rights Act 1998 From 2 October 2000, all courts and tribunals were required to act in accordance with the …

Perfect Market

Perfect Market: A market in which the conditions are those of perfect competition, with many suppliers, a homogeneous product and …

Dependant Definition

Dependant A person who relies on another person for physical, social, emotional, intellectual or economic support. For example, a child …

Constraint

Constraint Refers to the way in which a firm or the economy may be prevented from expanding. An obvious constraint …

Congenital definition

Congenital Means present at birth. The term is often (wrongly) used synonymously with the term innate , yet need not …

What is Equilibrium

Equilibrium In the marketplace means that the quantity supplied is exactly the same as the quantity demanded. This means that …

Sleeper Effect

Sleeper Effect Refers to the fact that many persuasive messages or propaganda do not have an initial effect, but any …

Relative Interest Rates

Relative Interest Rates Involve a comparison of interest rates with those offered by other financial intermediaries or with those in …

Social audit

Social audit: an independent quantification of the elements of a firm’s activities that affect society, such as pollution, waste and …

concept of Market Penetration

Market Penetration (1):  A marketing strategy based on building on a firm’s strength with its existing products in their existing …

Shareholders’ Funds

Shareholders’ Funds Are made up of: •    the share capital of the company, plus •    all reserves  Note that, when …

Norepinephrine Definition

Norepinephrine A term used in the USA for what we in Europe refer to as noradrenaline.  

Technical or Technological Change

Technical or Technological Change Refers to the process by which both products and the processes of production are developed and …

Sole Trader

Sole Trader: An individual who runs a small business, who may or may not have employees, but does not have …

Speculation

Speculation Involves buying or selling something in the expectation of a price change and so making a profit. For example, …

Spleen Definition

Spleen  An organ  situated high up in the abdomen  against the diaphragm  on the left side of the body and …

شرح طريقة دراسة ماجستير الادارة العامة ؟

شرح طريقة دراسة ماجستير الادارة العامة ؟   تتميز طريقة الدراسة في ماجستير الادارة العامة من بريطانيا و في أي …

Recruitment

Recruitment  Is the process of identifying the need for a new employee, defining the job and the appropriate person for …

جامعة برايتون – University of Brighton

جامعة برايتون – University of Brighton 209 Mithras House Lewes Road Brighton BN2 4AT t: 01273 644644 f: 01273 642607 …

Base Weighted Index

Base Weighted Index: A composite index number representing the average value of a number of items weighted according to their …

Event Evaluations

Event Evaluations     Appraising the success of the event can be accomplished through program evalua­ tion and feedback from …

Accounting Entity

Accounting Entity: This can be a sole trader  , a partnership  , a limited company  or some form of non-trading …

Node

Node:  The point on a network diagram that represents the end of an activity and/or the start of the next. …

Rectification definition

Rectification The altering of a written contract by the courts so that it accurately reflects what both parties agreed. Normally, …

Divorce Rate

Divorce Rate A statistical measure of the number of divorces, usually expressed as the number of divorces in any one …

Concept of Capital

Capital Has several different meanings but all of them imply that capital can be used to generate an income stream …

Time Rate

Time Rate: The amount of pay to be earned for one hour’s work, e.g. £6.40 per hour.

Compensation and insurance issues

Incident investigation, recording and reporting Compensation and insurance issues Accidents arising out of the organization’s activities resulting in injuries to …

Loan Interest

Loan Interest: The charge made by the provider of a loan for the use of the money. It is calculated …

The Sheffield College

School: The Sheffield CollegeStreet: PO Box 345Town: County: South YorkshirePostcode: S2 2YYHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://my.sheffcol.ac.uk/Alumni Website: Tel: 0114 2602600Fax: 0114 …

Burglary

Burglary: A criminal offence defined in s9 of the Theft Act 1968. This has two parts. Section 9(1)a states that …

Conditional discharge

Conditional discharge A method by which a criminal court can deal with a convicted offender. The effect of the order is …

Review Catalogs

Review Catalogs   Another way to obtain pricing information is to get mail-order catalogs sent to you. You can obtain …

Novus actus interveniens

Novus actus interveniens A Latin phrase meaning ‘an intervening new act’. In negligence it refers to an act which happens after …

Self-Esteem

Self-Esteem Is the view that an individual has of themselves, their own worth and their own identity. Having a positive …

Cost-Push Inflation

Cost-Push Inflation  Occurs when rising production costs force firms to increase their prices to protect their profit margins. In particular, …

Gilt-Edged Securities

Gilt-Edged Securities  Are a type of government securities. They are used by governments to borrow the sums needed to cover …

Price Deflation

Price Deflation Means generally falling prices.

Tall Hierarchy

Tall Hierarchy An organisation with many layers of hierarchy  and a narrow span of control.

Employers’ Association

Employers’ Association: A body which represents all the employers in a particular industry or product group. Those that wish will …

Concept of Internal Audit

Internal Audit: Measuring the effectiveness of a firm’s organisation and functions, to help identify internal weaknesses. This may be carried …

Values Definition

 Values Those aspects of behaviour that are important to individuals within a culture or may be shared by most members …

Cost Unit

Cost Unit: A unit of production (or a unit of a service provided) which absorbs the cost centre’s  overhead costs. …

Fiduciary relationship

Fiduciary relationship A term used in contract law for a relationship where one party is much more dominant or more experienced …

Respondent Definition

Respondent Literally, one who responds, although the term more usually applies to someone who answers questions as part of a …

قسم الإعلام

قسم الإعلام Media Department   يتميز العصر الحالي بأنه عصر الإعلام الذي يمثل أحد أهم مصادر المعلومات في عصرنا الحالي …

Concept of Economic Expectations

Economic Expectations Reflect the level of confidence in the economy. People will base their expectations on their experience of past …

Care Assistants Or Clinical Support Workers

Care Assistants Or Clinical Support Workers Provide practical help, support and care. They give direct care to a range of …

Credit sale agreement

Credit sale agreement In consumer law, an agreement between a borrower and a shop which provides goods and credit. The …

What is Child Safety Order

Child Safety Order: An order that can be made by the Family Proceedings Court in the local Magistrates’ Court in …

Merit Ratings

Merit Ratings Are a scheme by which employees’ performance can be appraised in a semi-quantified way, by giving individuals a …

Semi-Variable Costs

Semi-Variable Costs: Costs which cannot be classified as either fixed costs or variable costs because they contain an element of …

Admission of a New Partner

Admission of a New Partner: A structural change to a business involving the addition of one or more new partners. …

Shareholders’ Funds

Shareholders’ Funds Are that part of a firm’s long-term finance owed by the company to its shareholders. It comprises the …

What is Lloyd’s

Lloyd’s  Insurance market is one of the world’s main centres for obtaining insurance cover on anything from a car to …

financial transactions

financial transactions Are computer software programs specifically designed to record the financial transactions of a business. They may be specific …

Merger

Merger Takes place when a company issues its shares in exchange for the shares in another company. Sometimes a new …

Internal influences

  Internal influences There are many influences on health and safety standards, some are positive and others negative. No business, …

What is Contracting Out

Contracting Out: The use of an external supplier to supply services that were previously provided ‘in house’. Many businesses now …

Daily hassles

Daily hassles Those frustrating, irritating everyday experiences that occur regularly in our work, home and personal life. Examples of stressors …

Personality Inventory

Personality Inventory A test that is designed to measure personality characteristics. The Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI) based on the personality …

Wounding with intent

Wounding with intent An offence under s18 of the Offences against the Person Act 1861. The offence is committed if …

target audience

target audience  is another term for target market  .

Superego Definition

Superego In Freudian theory, that part of the personality that deals with the moral and the ideal. Whereas the id …

Pricing Strategy

Pricing Strategy Is the medium- to long-term plan of the price level that a firm wishes to set for a …

Self-Assessment

Self-Assessment  The ability to monitor and evaluate one’s own performance through the process of developing self-awareness. 

Needs And Wants

Needs And Wants The preferences for particular consumer goods and services that people use as their basis for making the …

Net Realisable Value

Net Realisable Value Is the money an asset could be sold for, after allowing for any expenses involved. Stock is …

Liabilities

Liabilities Are monies that are owed for goods and services supplied to a business, or for money borrowed by the …

Sales Ledger Control Account

Sales Ledger Control Account Checks the arithmetic accuracy of all entries posted to the sales ledger .

Highlands College

School: Highlands CollegeStreet: PO Box 1000Town: St SaviourCounty: JerseyPostcode: JE4 9QAHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.highlands.ac.uk/Alumni Website: Tel: 01534 608608 Fax: 01534 …

Coleg Ceredigion

School: Coleg CeredigionStreet: Llanbadarn CampusTown: AberystwythCounty: CeredigionPostcode: SY23 2ARHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.ceredigion.ac.ukAlumni Website: Tel: 01970 624511 Fax: 01970 624607  Type: …

Ears Definition

Ears  Are the organs of hearing and balance. The position of the ears at the side of the head is …

Food Allergies

Food Allergies A reaction to food that has been eaten or touched. This can be mild or severe. Food allergies …

Reasonable man test in tort

Reasonable man test in tort An objective test used to judge the standard expected from the defendant. For example, in …

Clinical Medicine

 Clinical Medicine The study of disease by diagnosis and treatment through direct contact with the patients/individuals suffering from the disease. …

Not In My Mack Yard

Not In My Mack Yard (NIMBY) Is applied in a number of areas of economic life. It generally applies in …

Get Approval for the Decorating Plan

Get Approval for the Decorating Plan   Ideally, it would be best to get approval of one plan so that …

Printing Money

Printing Money Refers to the ways in which central banks can increase liquidity in the economy. This is currently called …

Cheque Book

Cheque Book: A booklet issued by a bank to its customers which contains blank cheques.

Freedom Of Information Act 2000

Freedom Of Information Act 2000 An Act of Parliament which deals with how public authorities provide access to information. The …

Duck’s model of relationship breakdown

Duck’s model of relationship breakdown Duck’s original model of relationship breakdown was extended by Rollie and Duck in 2006. Rather …

Histogram Definition

Histogram A type of frequency graph where the number of scores in each category is represented by a vertical column. …

كيف تفيد دراسة الدعاية و الترويج في تحقيق متطلبات المؤسسات المختلفة ؟

كيف تفيد دراسة الدعاية و الترويج في تحقيق متطلبات المؤسسات المختلفة ؟    ‏الدعاية و الترويج من أهم عناصر نجاح …

Genotype Definition

Genotype The genetic make-up of an individual. The genotype is a collection of inherited genetic material that is passed from …

Norm Definition

Norm A generalised expectation shared by most members of a group or culture that underlies views of what is considered …

What is Capital Expenditure

  Capital Expenditure Is spending on investments which will yield an income in the future. This may apply in the …

ما هي البرامج المتاحة في تخصص علم النفس الطفل وهل ترسل المقررات pdf او فيديو ؟

ما هي البرامج المتاحة في تخصص علم النفس الطفل وهل ترسل المقررات pdf او فيديو ؟   تقدم الأكاديمية العربية …

ما هو أفضل برنامج ماجستير عن بعد معتمد ؟

ما هو أفضل برنامج ماجستير عن بعد معتمد ؟    يعد برنامج الماجستير عن بعد التخصصي في الضيافة و إدارة …

Wholesale Price Index

Wholesale Price Index A measure of changes in wholesale prices. It is useful because it may give an advance warning …

Employee Stock Ownership

Employee Stock Ownership: The process by which employees acquire shares in the company as part of their reward package. 

Cohort effects

Cohort effects Children born within the same cultural or historical conditions will show similarities of thought and behaviour that can …

Social Cognition

Social Cognition Refers to the role played by cognitive factors in our social behaviour. Social cognition is a major approach …

Nutrients Definition

  Nutrients Are the essential components of food  which provide the individual with the ecessary requirements for bodily functions. They …

Endemic Disease

Endemic Disease A disease  which is present only in a certain part of the world (such as malaria in the …

Management

Management: ‘The art of getting things done through people’ is the classic definition according to the management theorist Mary Parker …

East Berkshire College

School: East Berkshire CollegeStreet: Station RoadTown: LangleyCounty: BerksPostcode: SL3 8BYHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.eastberks.ac.uk/Alumni Website: Tel: 01753 793000 Fax: 01753 793358 …

What is Chartered Accountant

Chartered Accountant: A person who has passed the professional examinations and has become a member of the Institute of Chartered …

هل تنجح الإدارة باختلاف المديرين و التنويع بينهم ؟

هل تنجح الإدارة باختلاف المديرين و التنويع بينهم ؟   إذا كانت نسبة السيدات والأقليات العاملة في ازدياد، ولم تكن …

هل يؤثر التسامح مع النفس علي الصحة النفسية للإنسان وما هي طريقة الدراسة لعلم النفس لديكم ؟

هل يؤثر التسامح مع النفس علي الصحة النفسية للإنسان وما هي طريقة الدراسة لعلم النفس لديكم ؟ يؤثر عدم التسامح …

كيف نعمل على ادارة مشاريع المقاولات بالشكل الصحيح ؟

كيف نعمل على ادارة مشاريع المقاولات بالشكل الصحيح ؟    ‏تساعد برامج ادارة المشاريع التي تقدمها الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم …

ما هي شروط القبول و نظام الدراسة في برنامج ماجستير الموارد البشرية ؟

 ما هي شروط القبول و نظام الدراسة في برنامج ماجستير الموارد البشرية ؟ قدمت الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي العديد …

Cartel

Cartel: A group of firms which agree to limit output in order to keep prices higher than they would be …

Gould’s ‘Evolution Of Adult Consciousness’

Gould’s ‘Evolution Of  Adult Consciousness’ Gould (1978) identified seven age-related stages of adult development. He proposed that, as we move …

Cover Letter

Cover Letter   If you are submitting your resume by mail, fax, or email, it is recommended that you include …

Cash Equivalents

Cash Equivalents Are highly liquid short-term investments that are easily converted into cash.

Shareholders

Shareholders: The owners of a limited company by virtue of owning shares in that company. A company’s share capital is, …

Inspected Quality

Inspected  Quality: Quality that has been added on to a product through reworking after a quality control check. This contrasts …

Object Permanence

Object Permanence An understanding that objects which are hidden from view continue to exist despite the fact that the child …

Thematic Apperception Test _TAT

 Thematic Apperception Test _TAT A type of projective test in which people are shown ambiguous pictures and asked to tell …

whistle blower

whistle blower: an individual whose sense of moral outrage leads him or her to expose wrongdoing within an organisation, either …

Task Culture

Task Culture Involves a flexible approach to getting the job done, regardless of what roles individuals might have within the …

Counter-attitudinal behaviour

Counter-attitudinal behaviour When we behave in a way that is contrary to an established attitude. For example, if we disliked …

Intellectual Property

Intellectual Property Derives from the invention or ownership of a patent  , trade mark  , logo  or any other copyright  …

أرجو إرشادي لكيفية التسجيل في دكتوراه الادارة العامة ؟

أرجو إرشادي لكيفية التسجيل في دكتوراه الادارة العامة ؟ لا تقدم الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي في الوقت الراهن ضمن …

Intention

Intention In criminal law is the highest level of mens rea . Usually it is concerned with whether a person …

Proximity in tort

Proximity in tort Only claimants who have a close connection to the defendant can successfully bring a claim. This can …

Synergy

Synergy  Occurs when the whole is greater than the sum of the parts, i.e. when 2 + 2 = 5. …

Added Value

Added Value Refers to the value added to an input by a business, as it creates its final output. (See …

Export Incentives

Export  Incentives Include all kinds of inducements which are designed to encourage exporters: •    subsidies (as with surplus agricultural products …

أريد الحصول على دبلومات عن بعد ؟

أريد الحصول على  دبلومات عن بعد ؟   لا تقدم الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي برامج دراسية تمنح الطالب دبلومات …

Lithium Definition

Lithium An element found naturally. In the form of lithium carbonate it is used extensively for the treatment of bipolar …

East Surrey College (incorporating Reigate School of Art, Design and Media)

East Surrey College (incorporating Reigate School of Art, Design and Media) Gatton Point North Claremont Road Redhill RH1 2JX t: …

كلية جيلدفورد للتعليم العالي والرديف – Guildford College of Further and Higher Education

كلية جيلدفورد للتعليم العالي والرديف – Guildford College of Further and Higher Education Stoke Park Guildford Surrey GU1 1EZ t: …

Capital Reserves

Capital Reserves: Amounts set aside out of profits that are not provisions  . They are not created by setting aside …

Negative Skew

Negative Skew  Is a bias within a distribution towards low values. In other words, the majority of the values are …

كلية إسيكس للتعليم العالي والرديف – South Essex College of Further & Higher Education (Partner of the University of Essex)

كلية ساوث إسيكس للتعليم العالي والرديف – South Essex College of Further & Higher Education – Partner of the University …

Brainstorming Definition

Brainstorming A group activity in which members are encouraged to say the first answer that strikes them about how to …

Benifits of Credit Crunch

Credit Crunch: The sudden switch from plentiful credit to credit shortage that began in August 2007. It started with the …

Deed Definition

Deed  A formal legal document which irrevocably commits the person signing it. A deed must: • Be in writing; • …

Questions to Identify the Client’s Wants

Questions to Identify the Client’s Wants   During the initial meeting with your prospective client, your main focus will be …

Formalities of making a will

Formalities of making a will The requirements are that: • the will must be in writing; and • the will must be …

Internal Costs

 Internal Costs  Are those expenditures that affect a firm’s own accounts, such as wages and materials. In contrast, external costs …

Dietetics Definition

Dietetics The study of the scientific principles of nutrition, i.e. the study of food and how it is applied through …

Annual Report and Accounts

Annual Report and Accounts: At the end of each accounting year a company must produce a set of accounts to …

Straight Line Depreciation

Straight Line Depreciation Means spreading the cost of a fixed asset  equally over its expected useful lifetime. For the purpose …

Bicton College

School: Bicton CollegeStreet: Town: East BudleighCounty: DevonPostcode: EX9 7BYHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.bicton.ac.uk/Alumni Website: Tel: 01395 562400 Fax: 01395 567502  Type: …

Operation and working environment and User responsibilities

  Operation and working environment and User responsibilities   Operation and working environment To operate work equipment safely it must …

Trade Surplus

Trade Surplus Occurs when the value of visible exports is greater than the value of visible imports .

European Ombudsman

European Ombudsman A post created by Article 195 of the Treaty of Rome and appointed by the European Parliament to …

هل تكفي شهادة cma للعمل كمدير مالي؟

هل تكفي شهادة CMA للعمل كمدير مالي؟ برنامج محاسب إداري معتمد من بريطانيا هو أحد البرامج الأكثر تميزاً في مجال المحاسبة …

Batch Costing

Batch Costing: A method of costing used when a large number of identical products are to be produced either for …

Goods Received Note

Goods Received Note: A document recording items that have been received into stores or a warehouse. In reality, it is …

Concept of Direct Controls

Direct Controls: A way for the government to affect firms’ decisions through regulation. Most governments say they will reduce government …

Star Ratings

Star Ratings Are grades given to local councils based on the quality of services which they are offering to adults …

ما هي مناهج محاسبة التكاليف؟

ما هي مناهج محاسبة التكاليف    ‏نظم محاسبة التكاليف لا تخضع لقواعد ومعايير نظام “مبادئ المحاسبة العامة GAAP – Generally …

ما هي ركائز التنمية البشرية؟

ما هي ركائز التنمية البشرية   ‏العدالة الاجتماعية: ويتمثل مفهوم العدالة الاجتماعية في فكرة أن العدل يجب أن يكون بين …

Y Chromosome

Y Chromosome See X chromosome

جامعة بليموث – Plymouth University

جامعة بليموث – Plymouth University Drake Circus Plymouth PL4 8AA t: 01752 588037 f: 01752 588050 e: [email protected] w: www.plymouth.ac.uk …

Contribution Pricing

Contribution Pricing  The setting of prices based on the principle that as long as an item is sold for more …

Consultation Definition

Consultation Asking for the views of those who will be affected by a decision. These views should then be taken …

Gender Dysphoria

Gender Dysphoria A condition where individuals experience confusion between their biological sex, their gender identity and their gender role . …

Foreign Investment

Foreign Investment May take place in two ways: • Foreign direct investment (FDI) means spending in another country which will create …

Common law

Common law Law which has been developed by the judges. The term can be used in different ways as shown …

Equilibrium Under Perfect Competition

Long-Run Equilibrium Under Perfect Competition: The equilibrium price and quantity produced, which will be at the point where average total …

Z Score

z score Accounting: a single measurement of a company’s financial health based upon a weighted average of several accounting ratios  …

Trade Association

Trade Association  An organisation set up to represent the interests of all the firms within an industry, notably for lobbying  …

Neuroplasticity Definition

Neuroplasticity The brain’s ability to reorganise itself by forming new neural connections throughout life. Neuroplasticity allows the neurons in the …

Cross-cultural research

Cross-cultural research Is a comparative technique used by social psychologists, sociologists, anthropologists etc. It involves studying different cultures (such as …

Your Own Workshops or Seminars

Your Own Workshops or Seminars   While teaching continuing education courses can be rewarding, it normally takes months for a …

Unemployment Definition

Unemployment  Is a stage or period in an individual’s life when they are without paid work. Individuals can either be …

Industrial Tribunals

Industrial Tribunals Are judicial bodies set up to support an individual who has been unfairly treated in their work or …

Centration definition

Centration A characteristic of the reasoning of young children, in which they focus (or centre) on only one aspect of a …

Marketing process

Marketing: The process by which firms seek to ensure that they actually sell as much output as possible. In a …

Taxes

Taxes   Even before you begin making a profit, you’ve got to think about taxes. As a business owner, you …

Control

Control: One of the two key factors involved in successful delegation; the other being trust.

Prefrontal Lobotomy

Prefrontal Lobotomy Refers to a surgical procedure that severs the neural pathways that connect the frontal lobes (see brain ) …

Furniture

Furniture   In the furniture industry, furniture is often categorized as either soft goods (which includes upholstered items such as sofas, …

Blood Clotting

Blood Clotting The way in which blood forms a solid mass where there has been damage to the tissues and …

Human Fertilisation And Embryology Act 2008

Human Fertilisation And Embryology Act 2008 An Act of Parliament which makes it legal to assist reproduction. Key provisions of …

Trend Definition

Trend  The underlying pattern of growth or decline within a series of data. This pattern can be projected forward as …

Dichotic listening

Dichotic listening As used in attention research, this involves presenting one message to the left ear, and a different message …

Single Currency

Single Currency: The euro is the single currency of the 16 EU countries which have joined together in the Economic …

At Arm’s Length

At Arm’s Length Is to treat a transaction as if there was no connection between the parties involved. For example, …

Wyggeston and Queen Elizabeth I College

School: Wyggeston and Queen Elizabeth I CollegeStreet: University RoadTown: LeicesterCounty: LeicsPostcode: LE1 7RJHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.wqeic.ac.uk/Alumni Website: Tel: 0116 2231900Fax: …

Policy

Policy: A course of action planned by the government or by other decision takers.

Maturation Definition

Maturation The developmental process that moves us towards maturity. The term has been used in this way by most psychologists, …

Keynesian Definition

Keynesian A person whose economic ideas can be traced to those of J M Keynes  . At the risk of …

Safety Margin

Safety Margin The amount by which demand  can fall before a firm incurs losses, i.e. how close the firm is …

Houses Of Parliament

Houses Of Parliament Consist of the House of Commons and the House of Lords. Parliament is responsible for determining law …

Allocation Questionnaire

Allocation Questionnaire: A document sent to the parties in a civil case to obtain information so that the court can …

Spatial Memory

Spatial Memory Is the ability of animals to form a mental image or map of its familiar area or home …

ما هي برامج الامن والسلامة المهنية الموجودة لديكم ؟

ما هي برامج الامن والسلامة المهنية الموجودة لديكم ؟ تميزت شروط القبول في جميع البرامج التي تقدمها الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية …

Cross-Price Elasticity

Cross-Price Elasticity Measures the responsiveness of demand for one good to a change in the price of another. So, if …

Laissez-Faire

Laissez-Faire Is a political and economic philosophy which believes that governments should avoid interfering in the running of business or …

Cognitive psychology

Cognitive psychology That branch of psychology that attempts to study and understand the way in which cognitive processes work. Cognitive …

Reserves

Reserves Are a company’s accumulated, retained profit  . When they were made, these profits represented an important source of long-term …

Communication Cycle

Communication Cycle The cycle of interaction which takes place between individuals within the communication process. It relates to the way …

Privity of contract

Privity of contract Means that only the two parties to a contract can sue each other to enforce the contract. …

Person-Centred Therapy

Person-Centred Therapy A humanistic therapy normally attributed to Carl Rogers. Rogers had a very positive view of human nature, and …

Perception Definition

Perception The process by which information in the environment is transformed into an experience of objects, sounds, events, etc. Perception …

Voluntary intoxication

Voluntary intoxication Means that the defendant willingly took the intoxicating substance (alcohol, drugs, etc.). As the defendant became intoxicated voluntarily, …

Peter Principle

Peter Principle: That ‘in any hierarchy, an employee tends to rise to his level of incompetence, and that’s where he …

Telephone tapping

Telephone tapping Under the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 telephone tapping is permitted. The Act sets out the purposes …

Protectionism Definition

Protectionism Describes policies of erecting barriers to trade such as quotas (import), tariffs and non-tariff barriers. Because of the benefits …

Mental Capacity Act 2005

Mental Capacity Act 2005 An Act of Parliament which provides the legal framework to protect and empower vulnerable adults (aged …

Pushup Test

Pushup Test The individual to be tested should lie on the floor in the prone position with the hands pointed …

Dopamine definition

 Dopamine A chemical neurotransmitter found in the brain. Dopamine is produced from tyrosine, an amino acid which can be found in …

Caldwell Recklessness

Caldwell Recklessness Used to be the test for the level of intention required for certain crimes. Under it there were …

ما رايكم في كورس CMA؟

ما رأيكم في كورس CMA؟ تفيد الدراسة في برنامج محاسب إداري معتمد من بريطانيا كافة العاملين في المجال المحاسبي و …

متى يمكن التسجيل لدراسة شهادة محاسب إداري معتمد؟

متى يمكن التسجيل لدراسة شهادة محاسب إداري معتمد؟   لا يوجد أي موعد أقصى (Deadline) للتسجيل في شهادة محاسب إداري …

Assessment Definition

Assessment A method used to determine the different needs of a client, patient or service user. It is an important …

Concept of Industrial Action

Industrial Action Occurs when the workforce seeks to disrupt production as a way of bringing pressure to bear on employers. …

Statement of Account

Statement of Account Summarises the transactions that have taken place between a supplier and a customer, generally over an agreed …

Black Report 1980

Black Report 1980 A government report, ‘Inequalities in health’, produced by Sir Douglas Black in 1980. The report was based …

Phoneme Definition

Phoneme Although often referred to as a speech sound, it is more accurately defined as a unit of sound (or …

Jargon

Jargon: The language used by specialists to convey ideas. Certain words are given precise meanings which are somewhat different from …

Payment by results

Payment by results (PBR) Wage systems provide financial incentives for achieving a high or a fast rate of output. The …

Ystrad Mynach College

School: Ystrad Mynach CollegeStreet: Twyn RoadTown: Ystrad MynachCounty: CaerphillyPostcode: CF82 7XRHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.ystrad-mynach.ac.uk/Alumni Website: Tel: 01443 816888Fax: 01443 816973 …

Motivated Forgetting

Motivated Forgetting The inability to recall memories because they have been repressed . Freud believed that the potential for some …

Interventionist Definition

Interventionist An individual who believes that government intervention can help to make markets more efficient, and protect individuals from socially …

Producer Surplus

Producer Surplus: The difference between the amount that buyers are willing to pay and the amount needed to induce the …

Fiscal Transfers

Fiscal Transfers Refer to funds that are transferred from a government in one country to a government in another. Foreign …

Administration Systems

Administration Systems: The different structures which support business organisations such as finance, human resources, post room and so on. Since …

ما هي شروط القبول لدراسة ماجستير انتساب سلامه مهنية معكم ؟

ما هي شروط القبول لدراسة ماجستير انتساب سلامه مهنية معكم ؟ لا يحتاج التسجيل لدراسة ماجستير انتساب سلامه مهنية من …

Median Definition

Median A measure of central tendency  which divides the distribution into two equal parts. If the items in the distribution …

Export Credit

Export Credit: Because of time lags in reaching the market, many exports are sold on credit . This is particularly …

Sample Engagement Letter

Sample Engagement Letter   Below is a sample “engagement letter” you might use with an individual client such as a …

Deindividuation definition

Deindividuation A process where people lose their sense of socialised individual identity and resort to unsocialised and antisocial behaviours. People normally …

Economies of Scale

Economies of Scale  Are the factors that cause average costs to be lower in large-scale operations than in small-scale ones. …

كلية فيلد و بلاكبول المُشاركة في جامعة لانكستر – Blackpool and The Fylde College An Associate College of Lancaster University

 كلية فيلد و بلاكبول المُشاركة في جامعة لانكستر Blackpool and The Fylde College An Associate College of Lancaster University Ashfield …

Skewed result

Skewed result:  a frequency distribution  in which the number of findings is not balanced around the mean  figure. The findings …

ما هي تفاصيل شهادة CPE؟

ما هي تفاصيل شهادة CPE؟ تتميز الدراسة في برنامج مهندس محترف معتمد من بريطانيا بتوافر قدر كبير من المصداقية في …

Capital Stock

Capital Stock The amount of capital currently available for use in the economy. Changes in the capital stock provide a …

Hart–Devlin debate

Hart–Devlin debate A debate on whether or not the law should follow morality, which was largely triggered by the report of …

Blood Culture

Blood Culture A method of testing for micro-organisms in blood. A sample is taken from an individual and is tested …

Concept of Efficiency

Efficiency Means using resources effectively. It can be calculated in many different ways. the most common measurements are: •    labour …

Requirements for Medium-Sized Companies

Reporting Requirements for Medium-Sized Companies Are less onerous than those for large companies. To be classified as a medium-sized company …

Private Ledger

Private Ledger: Part of the general ledger  in which accounts of a confidential nature can be kept. The accounts might …

Cost Differential

Cost Differential  A difference in cost between competing producers. This could be due to economies of scale or the use …

Complete Unit of Work

Complete Unit of Work  Means organising the production process so that the task of each worker or team represents a …

ORIGIN OF GOODS

  ORIGIN OF GOODS   According to the EU customs legislation, the country of origin of goods is considered the …

Capital Gains Tax CGT

Capital Gains Tax (CGT): A tax on gains made when an asset which has appreciated in value is sold. This …

Free Enterprise

Free Enterprise A system by which individuals are allowed to set up in business without interference from governments, whether local …

Environmental Stressors -Aggressive Behaviour

Environmental Stressors -Aggressive Behaviour These are those aspects of the physical environment that are thought to contribute to antisocial behaviour. …

كلية جولدسميث جامعة لندن – Goldsmiths, University of London

كلية جولدسميث جامعة لندن – Goldsmiths, University of London New Cross London SE14 6NW t: 020 7048 5300 f: 020 …

Gantt Chart

Gantt Chart: A horizontal bar chart  in which the activities needed to complete a project are shown in the right …

Goods Definition

Goods Are tangible products, in contrast to services. Goods are physical objects. 

Decay definition

Decay Information that is not rehearsed disappears (i.e. decays) as time passes. Information is physically represented as a memory trace …

Single-Subject -Participant- Experimental Design

Single-Subject -Participant- Experimental Design Also known as n = 1 research, this involves using only one participant instead of a …

Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005

Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005  An Act of Parliament which ensures that those responsible for all workplaces carry out …

The Purpose of Budgeting

The Purpose of Budgeting     If the organisation structure is taken into consideration, then the numerical statements can be …

Precognition Definition

Precognition The ability to forecast future events. Fortune tellers claim to have this ability .

Layers of Hierarchy

Layers of Hierarchy Means the number of ranks within an organisational structure, i.e. the number of different supervisory and management …

Get Involved with Charities

Get Involved with Charities   Many wealthy and professional people attend charitable fundraising events such as fashion shows, teas, luncheons, …

NHS And Community Care Act 1990

NHS And Community Care Act 1990 An Act of Parliament following the white paper ‘Caring for People’ 1988 which introduced …

اريد التسجيل في برنامج إرشاد نفسي متخصص فما هي الطريقة ؟

اريد التسجيل في برنامج إرشاد نفسي متخصص فما هي الطريقة ؟ وفرت الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي نظام مميز للتسجيل …

International Marketing

International Marketing Planning and executing a strategy for marketing products or services throughout the world. This might be done through …

Different classes of worker training

Training of different classes of worker   In a large organisation the idea is for each employee to increase efficiency …

Harlow College

School: Harlow CollegeStreet: Velizy AvenueTown: HarlowCounty: EssexPostcode: CM20 3LHHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.harlowcollege.net/Alumni Website: Tel: 01279 868000 Fax: 01279 868260  Type: …

Antagonisticdefinition

Antagonistic In its general use, anything that acts in opposition to something else.

Social Psychology

Social Psychology ‘… An attempt to understand and explain how the thoughts, feelings and behaviour of individuals are influenced by …

Travel and Transportation

Travel and Transportation   If you’ve chosen a site for your event that is a considerable distance from your attend­ees’ …

Index Linked

Index Linked Means that the value in question will be changed in line with the retail price index. Pensions are …

Retail Selling Price -RSP

Retail Selling Price -RSP Is the actual price of an item charged to customers in a shop. This will differ …

Conveyance Definition

Conveyance A document used to transfer ownership of land from one person to another where the land has not been registered …

Necessity

Necessity as a defence to a criminal charge the idea that the defendant’s criminal act is justified as the defendant …

Collective Bargaining

Collective Bargaining Involves direct negotiations between the trade union representing the employees and the employers or the employers’ organisation. Some …

Marginal Propensity to Import

Marginal Propensity to Import: That proportion of an increase in income which is spent on imports.

Optimum Currency Area

Optimum Currency Area: The best size for a single currency area. There is no simple answer to what this might …

Complementary Goods

Complementary Goods  Are products that complement each other, such as bread and butter, cars and tyres, fish and chips. Because …

Concept of Flexible Specialisation

Flexible Specialisation: A manufacturing theory stating that because modern markets are broken down into small niches, yet customer tastes are …

Economic and Social Committee of the European Union

Economic and Social Committee of the European Union Advises the European Commission and the Council of Ministers on economic matters. …

Stakeholder Definition

Stakeholder  An individual or group with a direct interest in an organisation’s performance. The main stakeholders are: employees, shareholders, customers, …

Collateral

Collateral Is the security offered to back up a request for a loan. Usually the only acceptable form of collateral …

Leadership Style

Leadership Style The manner and approach of the head of an organisation or department towards the staff. The leader’s manner …

Insight Definition

Insight Refers to the (often sudden) comprehension of the solution to a problem. The term is also used in psychotherapy …

Differentiation definition

Differentiation The practice of teaching in such a way as to accommodate different ability levels within a single classroom.

Rank Theory Of Depression

Rank Theory Of Depression This theory proposes that depression is an adaptive response to losing rank in a status conflict …

What is Health And Safety Executive

Health And Safety Executive A major department which was set up within the Health and Safety Commission. The Health and …

Debbie’s Advice for new decorators

Debbie’s Advice for new decorators  

هل هناك أهداف و معايير للتدقيق الداخلي؟

هل هناك أهداف و معايير للتدقيق الداخلي؟    ساهمت التنظيمات القانونية في صياغة بنود عمليات المراجعة الداخلية او التدقيق الداخلي؛ …

Course of employment -negligence

Course of employment (negligence) An employee is said to be acting in the course of his employment if he is …

Output Gap

Output Gap: The difference between actual output and the potential output of the economy when it is working at full …

Stock appreciation

Stock appreciation:  an increase in the value of a company’s stocks, generally due to inflation  . As company profits are …

جامعة ليفربول – The University of Liverpool

جامعة ليفربول – The University of Liverpool The Foundation Building Brownlow Hill Liverpool L69 7ZX t: 0151 794 2000 f: …

Organizing for health and safety – control

Organizing for health and safety Introduction Here we talk about managers in businesses, or other organizations, setting out clear responsibilities …

هل هناك أي برامج دراسية في تخصص الإدارة الصحية؟

هل هناك أي برامج دراسية في تخصص الإدارة الصحية؟    يعد تخصص الإدارة الصحية من التخصصات الحديثة نسبياً في العلوم …

Negative Equity

Negative Equity Can be found when people have borrowed to finance a house purchase, only to find that house prices …

Balance as design element

Balance as a design element   When decorating, it is vitally important to take into consideration visually balancing a room …

Fiscal Drag

Fiscal Drag Occurs if there is inflation and tax allowances are left unchanged. The value of the allowance falls as …

Attendance Centre Requirement

Attendance Centre Requirement: A requirement which can be imposed on offenders under the age of 25 as part of a …

Vertical Integration

Vertical Integration  Occurs when two firms join together that operate in the same industry, but at different stages in the …

Motor Neurone Disease

Motor Neurone Disease A progressive degenerative disease  which affects the motor neurones in the nervous system. It occurs in middle …

Peristalsis Definition

Peristalsis Is the rhythmic contraction and relaxation of the longitudinal and circular layers of smooth muscles  . This muscular action …

كيف تتم الدراسة في دورة إدارة المشاريع ؟

 كيف تتم الدراسة في دورة إدارة المشاريع ؟ يقوم نظام الدراسة في الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي علي نظام الدراسة …

Sexual Preference

Sexual Preference A term which is used to refer to the preferred sex of one’s sexual partner. As such, it …

Nikkei Index

Nikkei Index Is Japan’s Stock Exchange Index, equivalent to London’s Financial Times  Stock Exchange index. 

Labelling Theory

Labelling Theory A way of understanding the tendency of people to adopt certain styles of behaviour as a direct result …

Regressive Tax

Regressive Tax: A tax which takes a larger proportion of low incomes than it does of high incomes. Expenditure taxes …

Consolidated Balance Sheet

Consolidated Balance Sheet: All resources of a holding company and its subsidiary companies  are included in a group balance sheet.

Normative Influence

Normative Influence An explanation of conformity which is a result of people’s desire not to infringe group norms . Normative …

Two-Factor Theory

Two-Factor Theory: The view that the factors related to job satisfaction  can be divided into two: those that only have …

Concept of Employment contract

Employment contract A contract between an employer and an employee.

Carbohydrates Definition

Carbohydrates Are made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. The simplest carbohydrates are monosaccharides. These can be built up into …

Inter-Rater Reliability

Inter-Rater Reliability Refers to the need to assess the degree to which two or more observers agree on the classification …

Unconditioned Stimulus

Unconditioned Stimulus Any stimulus that consistently elicits an unconditioned response from an organism. In Pavlov’s original research on classical conditioning …

Sunk Costs

Sunk Costs Costs which have already been paid for and which no longer figure in the decision-taking process. For example, …

Labour Definition

Labour The factor of production which involves people working to produce goods and services. Labour involves both doing and thinking. …

Environment Definition

Environment A term which usually implies an organism’s surroundings, although it can also apply to our internal (i.e. physiological) environment. The …

Competitiveness Definition

Competitiveness The degree to which a firm succeeds in selling its product when there is competition in the marketplace. Competitiveness …

Trading Standards Service

Trading Standards Service Set up and funded by Local Authorities. Their role is to check that local traders comply with …

Concept of Demand

Demand Is the desire to own a good or a service. It is affected by consumer tastes, price, incomes, advertising …

Porter, Michael

Porter, Michael  (1947–): The writer whose work on strategy and competitiveness has been influential worldwide. His analysis of generic strategies …

Derivatives

Derivatives Involve a contract, the value of which is based on the value of another asset or on an index …

Lay Magistrates

Lay Magistrates Ordinary people who sit part time in the Magistrates’ Court to decide cases. To be appointed as a …

How to Create a Job

How to Create a Job   Even when no job is open, someone may hire you if you can show …

Population Definition

Population A group of people who are the focus of a research study and to which the results would apply. …

International Classification Of Diseases

International Classification Of Diseases  A list of diseases which is published by the World Health Organisation (WHO)  every ten years. 

Theory Z

Theory Z:  the writer Ouchi’s term for the Japanese approach to management, which he distinguished from McGregor’s Theory Y  in …

Reference

Reference:  An account by someone of independent standing of the suitability, capability and character of a job applicant. Employers may …

Acute Trusts

Acute Trusts Are trusts which manage hospitals. Their role is to ensure that hospitals provide high-quality health care. 

Negative Income Tax

Negative Income Tax: A unified tax and benefits system, such that people could be taxed or receive benefits according to …

Declining Balance Method

Declining Balance Method: A depreciation method that makes a high charge to a fixed asset in its first year of …

Care Rationing

Care Rationing The way in which care is prioritised with regard to the allocation of health and social care services. …

Net Debt

Net Debt Is the borrowings of a limited company  less its cash and liquid resources. The calculation is: debentures + …

Gross Domestic Product

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Is the sum total of the value of a country’s output over the course of a …

Business Environment

Business Environment Is the combination of factors which lie outside an individual firm’s control, but which have an effect on …

Integrative Project Management

Integrative Project Management Contents Unit 1 Managing Multiple Projects, Programmes and Portfolios Project Management or Programme Management? Managing a Portfolio …

Transformational Leader

Transformational leader: one who has the vision, the power and the personality to cause radical change within an organisation.

Educational psychology

Educational psychology A broad-based discipline concerned with the application of psychological knowledge in educational settings. Educational psychologists are involved in applying …

ساعدوني بالتسجيل في الجامعات المعتمدة للتعليم عن بعد ؟

ساعدوني بالتسجيل في الجامعات المعتمدة للتعليم عن بعد ؟     يمكن للراغب في الدراسة بنظام التعليم عن بعد أن …

Lonising Radiations Regulations 1999

Introduction to Health and Safety at work Lonising Radiations Regulations 1999 17.19.1   Introduction  The lonising Radiations Regulations 1999 (IRR99) implement …

ما هو الهدف من إدارة الموارد في المؤسسات؟

ما هو الهدف من إدارة الموارد في المؤسسات؟   تحتاج كل مؤسسة أقسام لإدارة الموارد البشرية في المؤسسات بحيث يتم …

Additional Phones

Additional Phones   To project a professional image, it’s a good idea to have a second phone line for your …

Minerals Definition

Minerals  Inorganic substances many of which are essential for general health. Mineral     Source     Function     Deficiency Iron    …

Creditors’ Ledger

Creditors’ Ledger: Another name for the purchases ledger. 

Capital Deepening

Capital Deepening Occurs when more capital equipment is provided for each person employed. It will normally lead to an increase …

Public Sector NetCash Requirement PSNCR

Public Sector Net Cash Requirement (PSNCR): A technical term that means much the same as public sector net borrowing.

Buying Department

Buying Department: The department responsible for the purchase of raw materials or components to be used by a business.

Restitution order

Restitution order In a criminal case, an order that an offender return property to its owner. For example, if the …

Stress Management

Stress Management Strategies used by individuals to cope with the build-up of stress in their lives.  

Unconscious Motive

Unconscious Motive A term used by Freud (among others) to emphasise that not all motivation is conscious and rational. Much …

Project Champions

Project Champions Members of staff who act as cheerleaders for a new idea or a new way of working. They …

Forgetting Definition

Forgetting As a general idea in psychology, this refers to a person’s loss of the ability to recall or recognise …

Company Accounts

Company Accounts Are the financial statements  of a limited company.They are drawn up by the directors of the company in …

Basic Prices

Basic Prices Are the prices used by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) to value output. They are based on …

what is Memory

Memory A term that can be used in many different ways, but most often in one of three ways: • a …

Doncaster College for the Deaf

School: Doncaster College for the DeafStreet: Leger WayTown: DoncasterCounty: South YorkshirePostcode: DN2 6AYHeadteacher/Principal: Mr Alan RobinsonSchool Website: http://www.deaf-college.com/Alumni Website: Tel: …

Group of Eight concept-of

Group of Eight (G8): The collective term given to eight major countries brought together to debate future world economic policy. …

Share

Share: A contribution to the capital needed by a firm, by virtue of which the shareholder becomes a part owner …

Same sex couples

Same sex couples In some areas of law, are treated in the same way as non-married heterosexual couples. In 2002, …

white-collar union

white-collar union: a trade union  representing clerical, professional or managerial staff.

Agentic state

Agentic state The condition individuals are in when they see themselves as agents for carrying out another person’s wishes. In …

Division of the Ledger

Division of the Ledger: All financial transactions of a business using a double-entry bookkeeping  system are recorded in the ledger  …

هل شهادات إدارة الأعمال معتمدة ؟

هل شهادات إدارة الأعمال معتمدة ؟   جميع البرامج التي تقدمها الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي ومن بينها شهادات إدارة …

SSRIs Definition

SSRIs Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors – block the transporter mechanism that re-absorbs the neurotransmitter serotonin into the presynaptic cell after …

كلية بريدجوتر – Bridgwater College

كلية بريدجوتر – Bridgwater College Bath Road Bridgwater Somerset TA6 4PZ t: 01278 455464 f: 01278 444363 e: [email protected] w: …

Credit Limit

Credit Limit: The maximum that a customer can owe at any one time.

International Standards Organisation

 International Standards Organisation (ISO) 9000/9002  Is a worldwide quality certification procedure of exact equivalence to BS 5750.

Person Specification

Person Specification:  Another term for job specification.

Advertising Standards Authority -ASA

Advertising Standards Authority -ASA Is a self-regulatory organisation set up to ensure that advertisements are kept socially acceptable. It administers …

كيف أسجل في برنامج ماجستير امن وسلامة معكم ؟

 كيف أسجل في برنامج ماجستير امن وسلامة معكم ؟ يتميز التسجيل مع الأكاديمية العربية البريطانية للتعليم العالي بأنه يسهل علي …

Cheque Crossings

Cheque Crossings Are made in order to restrict the use of a cheque. If a cheque is uncrossed, the payee  …

External Costs

External Costs Are negative consequences of activities that are paid for by people or organisations other than the originator of …

Gastric Glands

Gastric Glands  Are situated in the stomach  . They are responsible for secreting gastric juices. When food enters the mouth, …

Extraordinary Items

Extraordinary Items Derive from events or transactions that fall outside the ordinary activities of a company and which are therefore …

Swansea Institute of Higher Education

School: Swansea Institute of Higher EducationStreet: Mount PleasantTown: SwanseaCounty: GlamorganPostcode: SA1 6EDHeadteacher/Principal: School Website: http://www.sihe.ac.uk/Alumni Website: Tel: 01792 481000Fax: 01792 …

Corporate Saving

Corporate Saving Occurs when firms retain some of their profits, keeping them in reserve for the future. Often they will …

Base Year

Base Year: Index numbers are calculated with a base year value of 100. It is important to select a base …

Lungs Definition

Lungs Are the main organs of respiration. There is a right and a left lung. They fill the thoracic cavity …

Judicial precedent

Judicial precedent The following of legal principles laid down in previously decided cases. The doctrine of judicial precedent is based …