Court of Chancery
Developed in the Middle Ages to hear cases referred to the Chancellor where the claimant was unable to obtain a remedy in the ordinary courts.
The Chancellor decided cases on the basis of fairness and conscience and developed law known as Equity .
In 1873–1875, the court structure was completely reformed, and the Court of Chancery was abolished. In its place, the modern Chancery Division of the High Court was created.