Is one of the commonest reasons for dry and sensitive skin . There are different types of eczema:
• Atopic eczema – is found in babies and young children. It is thought to be hereditary as it runs in families. There are links with conditions such as asthma and hay fever. Common symptoms include an overall dryness of the skin usually accompanied by extreme itchiness. The skin may become inflamed, cracked and split and may be prone to infection
• Seborrhoeic eczema – there are two types of this condition, one which is most commonly seen in babies and the second type seen in young adults. Areas affected tend to be the oily parts of the body such as the scalp, face, groin and chest. Seborrhoeic eczema is not normally itchy
• Discoid eczema – this condition is usually confined to the arms and legs and consists of scaly, itchy, coin-shaped patches that can blister and weep
• Varicose eczema – this condition is confined to the legs, commonly found in older people and in those with varicose veins
• Contact eczema – there are two types, irritant and allergic. Irritant eczema is caused by exposure to substances such as soaps, detergents, engine oils, hair dyes and bleaches. Allergic eczema is caused by specific sensitivity to a material such as nickel, chrome or rubber.